EPRS Admin By / February 19, 2013

Gender differences in unemployment rates throughout the crisis (EU 27)

Gender differences in unemployment rates throughout the crisis (EU 27)

Gender differences in unemployment rates throughout the crisis (EU 27)

Although situations differ across MS, in general men seemed to be most severely hit in early years of the European crisis. Available data show that their unemployment rose by 3.8% from 2007 to 2012, compared to 2.6% for women. A difference which experts link most specifically to the sectoral structure of EU labour markets. As an immediate effect of the contracting output, lay-offs were most present in male-dominated sectors: the construction and industrial sector (manufacturing). Whilst unemployment rates of European men and women for 2012 are close to equal (10.4% to 10.5%), the average percentage point increase in unemployment over the crisis shows a more significant difference (Δ3.8 to Δ2.6).


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