EPRS Admin By / October 27, 2021

Voting system and number of MEPs

Voting system and number of MEPs

Voting system and number of MEPs

The 705 MEPs are elected under national electoral systems, but these have to observe certain common principles established in EU law, notably proportional representation (PR). As a general rule, under PR, voters can choose between political parties, individual candidates or both. Whilst in some Member States, voters can only vote for a list, with no possibility of changing the order of candidates (closed list), in others, voters can express their preference for one or more of the candidates (preferential voting). Instead of a list system, some Member States use the single transferable vote (STV) method of PR. The map to the right shows the number of seats in each Member State (from February 2020) as well as the electoral system used in the 2019 European elections.


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