you're reading...
Economic and Social Policies, PUBLICATIONS

EU demographic indicators: Situation, trends and potential challenges

Written by Angelos Delivorias and Giulio Sabbati
EU demographic indicators: Situation, trends and potential challenges

© auris / Fotolia

Europe’s share of the global population is declining and its population is ageing. Unemployment is still high, although rates vary between Member States, as well as within them. Women, young adults and older workers have a higher risk of unemployment, while the number of part-time workers is increasing. Migrants represent 7% of the European population and account for around 7% of total employment. They are usually younger and more likely to face disproportionately heavy housing costs, to live in overcrowded households and to be more materially deprived than nationals, although, within the group, trends diverge between migrants from other EU Member States and third-country migrants. Differences in the distribution of income are observed, although they are still lower than in many other parts of the world. Almost a quarter of Europeans face the risk of poverty or social exclusion, a risk which has a strong geographical dimension and varies among social groups.

If current trends persist, there will be an increasing mismatch, with fewer low-skill jobs on offer to growing numbers of low-skilled workers and fewer qualified candidates to meet increasing demand for high-skilled labour. A shrinking workforce will have to provide for a growing number of retired persons. Migration, which is still substantial, may slow down and possibly shift towards developing countries with strong growth. Finally, the middle class may shrink and more wealth be concentrated in the hands of the richest.

These trends present an opportunity for debate on concepts such as ‘working age’, and the adoption of well-designed comprehensive policies that will strengthen social cohesion and promote solidarity between generations.

Read this Briefing on EU demographic indicators: Situation, trends and potential challenges in PDF

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Discussion

3 thoughts on “EU demographic indicators: Situation, trends and potential challenges

  1. Reblogged this on Dr Alf's Blog and commented:

    Some excellent insights into Europe’s demographic trends here

    Like

    Posted by dralfoldman | March 20, 2015, 22:19
  2. Reblogged this on Interzone2014's Blog.

    Like

    Posted by interzone2014 | March 20, 2015, 08:55

Trackbacks/Pingbacks

  1. Pingback: Will your children live to be 100+? | European Parliamentary Research Service - April 22, 2015

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Download the EPRS App

EPRS App on Google Play
EPRS App on App Store
What Europe Does For You
EU Legislation in Progress
Topical Digests
EPRS Podcasts

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 3,383 other followers

RSS Link to Members’ Research Service

Disclaimer and Copyright statement

The content of all documents (and articles) contained in this blog is the sole responsibility of the author and any opinions expressed therein do not necessarily represent the official position of the European Parliament. It is addressed to the Members and staff of the EP for their parliamentary work. Reproduction and translation for non-commercial purposes are authorised, provided the source is acknowledged and the European Parliament is given prior notice and sent a copy.

For a comprehensive description of our cookie and data protection policies, please visit Terms and Conditions page.

Copyright © European Union, 2014-2019. All rights reserved.

%d bloggers like this: