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Mapping the Cost of Non-Europe, 2014 -19: Third edition (April 2015)

Written by Joseph Dunne

On 13 April 2015, the European Parliamentary Research Service published the third edition of its study ‘Mapping the Cost of Non-Europe, 2014-19, previously published in March and July 2014.

The analysis in the study builds, in large part, on a series of more detailed pieces of work undertaken for individual European Parliamentary Committees by the European Added Value Unit over the last two and a half years, in the form of European Added Value Assessments (on legislative initiatives proposed by the Parliament) and Cost of Non-Europe Reports in specific policy sectors.

The potential gains mentioned in the study represent the total increase in annual EU GDP after a full phasing-in of proposed reforms over several years. In other words, they represent a permanent shift in EU GDP to a higher level. The study concludes that if the policies analysed and actions recommended were to be pursued effectively, the economic benefit could build up annually to almost €1.6 trillion – or about 12% of EU-28 GDP (2014). It should be noted that when an underlying study offers a range of potential gains, the low-range value is usually selected. The study thus errs on the side of caution in estimating potential gains – there is substantial upside potential to the estimate over the medium to long term, from dynamic effects that cannot easily be quantified.

Since the second edition, a series of new studies provide more insight and precision regarding potential gains, namely:

  • Single markets – Cecchini revisited (chapter 2)
  • Single European Transport and Tourism areas (chapter 4)
  • Banking union and banking regulation to avert a new financial crisis (chapter 7)
  • Improved coordination of fiscal policies (chapter 8)
  • Common deposit guarantee scheme (chapter 9)

Read the study ‘Mapping the Cost of Non-Europe, 2014-19.

A more in-depth view of the arguments can be perused in one of the supporting studies:


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About EAVA

The European Parliament's European Added Value Unit provides European Added Value Assessments and Cost of Non-Europe Reports which analyze policy areas where common action at EU level is absent but could bring greater efficiency and a public good for European citizens.


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