Member States must follow common rules governing the control of export of military technology and
equipment. The eight common criteria for assessing arms export licences are the following:
1. Respect for the international obligations and commitments of EU Member States, particularly sanctions
(including arms embargos) and international agreements;
2. Respect for human rights and international humanitarian law by the recipient country;
3. The internal situation in the recipient country;
4. Risks to regional peace, security and stability;
5. National security of the Member States as well of their friends and allies;
6. Behaviour of the buyer country towards the international community, including its attitude to terrorism
and respect for international law;
7. Risk of diversion towards an unauthorised end-user or end-use;
8. Compatibility of the arms exports with sustainable development in the recipient country.
The assessments are made on a case-by-case basis.
The bar chart shows the number of refusals by type of criteria that took place in 2013. 107 cases of exports have been refused because of a risk of diversion towards unauthorised end-users or end-uses.