Types of instruments to support renewable energy, EEA-32, 2012

Member States are free to choose the policy instruments to reach their national renewable energy targets. Figure 4 gives an overview of the support schemes used in the Member States and the other European Environment Agency (EEA) countries. In 2010, the Member States submitted their National Renewable Energy Action Plans (NREAPs), detailing the strategies they would employ for reaching the targets for electricity, heating and cooling, as well as transport.