EPRS Admin By / July 12, 2016

Personal characteristics determine poverty status – Regression analysis based on EU statistics on income and living conditions, 2006–2012

Personal characteristics determine poverty status – Regression analysis based on EU statistics on income and living conditions, 2006–2012

Personal characteristics determine poverty status – Regression analysis based on EU statistics on income and living conditions, 2006–2012

Some groups of children, such as those with migrant parents, are more vulnerable than the rest. Poverty is more widespread in families where women are economically inactive or where there are many children to be looked after. Both situations are more common in immigrant households (OECD). Overall, in 2014 children with at least one foreign-born parent were at a greater risk of poverty (14.4 percentage points higher) than children with native-born parents (32.7%, Eurostat). The greatest differences between children with foreign and native-born parents were recorded in Spain (+32 p.p.) and Greece (+29.3 p.p.). For seven other EU Member States for which data is available, the difference was more than 15 p.p. The highest AROPE rates for children with at least one foreign-born parent were recorded in Belgium (37.2%), Greece (48.9%) and Spain (55.1%). The lowest rates were observed in Latvia (15.2%), Denmark (16.4%) and Hungary (17.8%).
However, in some EU Member States having a migrant background did not result in more exposure to poverty than being native-born. Latvia and Hungary (- 9.6 p.p. and 6.8 p.p., respectively) were the only EU Member States, along with Portugal (+0.2 p.p.) and Slovakia (+ 1.3 p.p.), where children with at least one foreign- born parent had a lower or similar at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion rate than children of native-born parents.
Both the number of workers in the household and the mother’s own working status appear to be the main determinants of lower child poverty rates, together with the parents’ educational level. Inversely, single parenthood and migrant background are associated with a higher child poverty risk.


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