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Figure 1 Illegal Border crossings on the main routes

Figure 1 Illegal Border crossings on the main routes

Figure 1 Illegal Border crossings on the main routes

While the number of migrants and refugees coming from Turkey through Greece and onto the Balkan route has decreased since 2015 (the number of migrants arriving on the Greek islands in December 2016 was only 2 % of the number in December 2015), flows via the Central Mediterranean have increased. An all-time high of 181 100 people crossed the sea from Libya in 2016, mainly to Italy (see figure 1), leading to record levels of loss of life at sea (see figure 2). Unlike the Eastern Mediterranean route, those crossing on the Central Mediterranean route are predominantly economic migrants.

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