In addition to shaping their national research systems according to the six ERA priorities in accordance with Member States’ roadmaps, a key contribution made by the EU Member States to the European research area is their commitment to Joint Programming Initiatives (JPIs). The goal of JPIs is to pool national research efforts in order to make better use of Member States’ research resources. By doing so, JPIs contribute towards reducing the fragmentation of the research landscape across EU Member States. JPIs are already generating added value for the research situation in Europe and boosting thematic coverage. Moreover, the JPIs’ focus is on effectively tackling common European societal challenges. Ten JPIs, including the following two examples, have been launched so far.
Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change (FACCE-JPI) brings together 22 EU countries who are committed to addressing the interconnected challenges of sustainable agriculture, food security and the impacts of climate change. It provides research to support sustainable agricultural production and economic growth, to contribute to a European bio-based economy, while maintaining and restoring ecosystem services under current and future climate change.
Urban Europe – Global Challenges, Joint European Solutions tackles the urgent need to improve understanding of the way urban areas should be shaped and managed to become socially, economically and environmentally sustainable. It supports Europe’s cities in their transition towards a future that maximises their sustainability, resilience and liveability.