The proposal sets national GHG reduction targets for each Member State, which add up to a 30% reduction in GHG emissions by 2030 compared to 2005. Like with the ESD, GDP per capita has been used as the main criterion when setting the national targets, in order to ensure fairness and cost-effectiveness. Among the wealthier Member States, cost-effectiveness has also been taken into account. The national targets range from 0% for Bulgaria to a 40% reduction for Luxembourg and Sweden. The proposal also sets out how the annual emission allocations (AEAs) in tonnes for each year from 2021 to 2030 are to be calculated. There would be an annual linear reduction from the starting point to the emission targets for 2030. The starting point would be the average annual emissions in the 2016-2018 period (the latest data that will be available in 2020). For Member States which were allowed to increase their emissions between 2013 and 2020, the starting point would be adjusted upwards.