Gender equality is one of the principles of the European Pillar of Social Rights. For the Porto Declaration to mention that the EU was committed to ‘work actively to close gender gaps in employment, pay and pensions’, unity needed to be achieved in the European Council on the word ‘gender’, as just days prior to the summit some Member States were still expressing reservations. Figure 1 below shows the degree of progress in reducing the gender pay and pensions gaps, as well as in increasing the employment rates of both men and women over the past five years.
Evolution of gender employment, pay and pensions gap in the EU
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