EPRS Admin By / July 1, 2021

African-led peace support operations

African-led peace support operations with ongoing APF/future EPF funding

African-led peace support operations with ongoing APF/future EPF funding

African-led PSOs with a military component will henceforth be financed through the EPF; by contrast, civilian components will be financed from the EU budget. To ensure a smooth transition from APF to EPF, Member States added a further €113 million to the APF in October 2020, to guarantee funding for ongoing PSOs until 30 June 2021. The EU must agree on a multiannual programme for peace and security cooperation with the AU by 1 July 2021, to ensure the continuation of activities under the EPF. The following transition arrangements are already taking shape:
The African Union’s PSO in Somalia, AMISOM, which has received the largest share of overall APF funding (€1.94 billion between 2007 and 2019), has helped to create the conditions for state-building in Somalia. Funding for the military component of AMISOM will come from the EPF as of 1 July 2021. The APF will continue to fund the civilian component of AMISOM until the end of 2021, after which the funding will come from the EU budget. As of 1 July 2021, support for the Somali National Army fighting alongside AMISOM will also be provided through the EPF.
As of 1 July 2021, the EPF will also be used to support the military component of the G5 Sahel Joint Force, an intergovernmental cooperation framework between Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger seeking to coordinate its members’ development and security policies in response to growing regional instability due to the proliferation of armed groups. Support for certain civilian components of the G5 Sahel Joint Force will henceforth come from the Global Europe Instrument.
As of 1 July 2021, financing for the peace support operation in Gambia (ECOMIG), which has supported a peaceful democratic transition, following presidential elections in 2017, will also come from the EPF.
APF funds will continue to contribute to the ceasefire-monitoring mission in South Sudan (CTSAMVM), until 31 October 2021, after which financing of this civilian operation will come from the Global Europe Instrument.
The Multi-National Joint Task Force (MNJTF) of the Lake Chad Basin Commission, which has focused on fighting Boko Haram, has secured financing from residual APF funds until 1 January 2022, after which it will receive funding through the EPF.
The African Union Military Observers Mission to the Central African Republic (MOUACA) and the Joint Special Security Units (USMS) in CAR will continue to receive funding through the AFP until 31 July 2022.

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