EPRS Strategy By / July 7, 2022

Climate change [What Think Tanks are thinking]

Russia’s war on Ukraine has reduced supplies of gas and oil to the European Union and other regions, increasing energy prices and complicating efforts to cut emissions of greenhouse gases.

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Written by Marcin Grajewski.

Russia’s war on Ukraine has reduced supplies of gas and oil to the European Union and other regions, increasing energy prices and complicating efforts to cut emissions of greenhouse gases. Faced with oil and gas shortages, some countries have started to fire up polluting coal power plants which had previously been shut down, or have postponed their planned closure. Burning coal or lignite emits much more carbon dioxide than using oil and gas to produce electricity.

Scientists and analysts are urging swift, radical action on climate change, pointing to this and last year’s extreme weather – severe floods, fires, and more frequent hurricanes. Governments across the world are preparing for the next climate change conference, to be held in Sharm El-Sheikh at the end of 2022. The meeting is to provide more details of how countries plan to achieve the agreed goal of limiting global warming to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels, as set out in the 2015 Paris Agreement.

This note offers links to recent commentaries, studies and reports from international think tanks on climate issues. More papers on the topic can be found in a previous edition of ‘What Think Tanks are Thinking.

Sea level rise from climate change is threatening home septic systems and public health
Brookings Institution, June 2022

A global sustainability program: Lessons from the Marshall Plan for addressing climate change
Brookings Institution, June 2022

How can the European Union adapt to climate change?
Bruegel, June 2022

The EU and climate security: Toward ecological diplomacy
Carnegie Europe, Open Society, June 2022

Will green activism save Turkey’s democracy?
Carnegie Europe, June 2022

Does the EU need treaty change?
Carnegie Europe, June 2022

Think basins, not borders
Centre for European Policy Studies, June 2022

World climate and security report
Clingendael, June 2022

Green peace: How Europe’s climate policy can survive the war in Ukraine
European Council on Foreign Relations, June 2022

Solidarity, sustainability and well-being at the heart of the EU mission
European Policy Centre, June 2022

Reconciling EU energy security with climate policies: Rethinking European gas markets
Istituto Affari Internazionali, June 2022

Climate change and security in the Mediterranean: Exploring the nexus, unpacking international policy responses
Istituto Affari Internazionali, June 2022

Thirty years of UN climate talks: New challenges for cooperation
Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik, June 2022

CO2 extraction as an integral component of the European “Green Deal”
Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik, June 2022

Becoming global climate governors: How cities are moving from climate ambition to coordinated action and delivery
Barcelona Centre for International Affairs, May 2022

The Global quest for green growth: An economic policy perspective
Bruegel, May 2022

How to make EU fiscal rules compatible with net zero

Centre for European Reform, May 2022

Sustainable agriculture and food systems
Chatham House, May 2022

Climate change: The only option is action
Chatham House, May 2022

The CBAM effect: How the world is responding to the EU’s new climate stick
Clingendael, May 2022

EU plans to import hydrogen from North Africa
Corporate Europe Observatory, May 2022

Carbon dioxide removal: Climbing up the EU climate policy agenda
Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik, May 2022

6 things to know about direct air capture
World Resources Institute, May 2022

The European tank storage sector 2050 and beyond
The Hague Centre for Strategic Studies, May 2022

The rising national security threats from climate change in the Mediterranean region
Atlantic Council, April 2022

The US should treat climate policy as economic policy
Brookings Institution, April 2022

Climate migration: What do we really know?
Bruegel, April 2022

Low-carbon technologies and Russian imports
Centre for European Policy Studies, April 2022

European green deal for militaries to strengthen Europe’s defence
Clingendael, April 2022

The EU emissions trading system after the energy price spike
Centre for European Reform, April 2022

Multilateral trade arrangements and climate provision
Centre for International and Strategic Studies, April 2022

Reflecting sunlight to reduce climate risk
Council on Foreign Relations, April 2022

EU regions in the transformation towards a climate-neutral future
Ecologic Institute, April 2022

The Green Agenda for the Western Balkans
European Policy Centre, April 2022

The future of energy poverty: Will the social climate fund be enough for a just transition?
Europeum, April 2022

Energy transitions and environmental geopolitics in the Southern Mediterranean
Istituto Affari Internazionali, April 2022

Environmental degradation: impacts on agricultural production
Institute for European Environmental Policy, April 2022

Ocean-based measures for climate action
Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations, April 2022

5 ways to cut oil and gas use through clean transportation
World Resources Institute, April 2022

Russia’s Ukraine invasion and climate change go hand in hand
Carnegie Europe, March 2022

From carbon pricing to climate clubs
Centre for European Policy Studies, March 2022

From NGEU to a Green Capital Markets Union
Centre for European Policy Studies, March 2022

Carbon removals on the road to net zero
Centre for European Policy Studies, March 2022

The EU must triple down on green investment
Centre for European Reform, March 2022

How to make EU emissions trading system work for consumers
Centre for European Reform, March 2022

Could nuclear power cut Europe’s dependence on Russian energy?
Council on Foreign Relations, March 2022

Can a climate club accelerate industrial decarbonisation?
E3G, March 2022

Making EU climate governance fit for net zero
Ecologic Institute, March 2022

What if the Helsinki spirit was revived by climate change
Egmont, March 2022

Climate mitigation potential of large-scale nature restoration in Europe
Institute for European Environmental Policy, March 2022

No more free lunch: Ending free allowances in the EU ETS to the benefit of innovation  

Jacques Delors Institute, March 2022

Will the climate agenda unravel?
Peterson Institute for International Economics, March 2022

6 pressing questions about beef and climate change, answered
World Resources Institute, March 2022

Greening Europe’s post-COVID-19 recovery
Bruegel, February 2022

Three key areas of Europe’s climate diplomacy
European Council on Foreign Relations, February 2022


Read this briefing on ‘Climate change‘ in the Think Tank pages of the European Parliament.


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