EPRS Admin By / September 2, 2022

GDP energy consumption and GHG emissions

GDP, energy consumption and GHG emissions (World and EU)

GDP, energy consumption and GHG emissions (World and EU)

Between 1990 and 2018, the world’s GDP grew by 279 % while GHG emissions grew by 54 %. During the same period, the EU’s GDP grew by 146 % while GHG emissions dropped by 22 %. Within this timeframe, the EU showed signs of absolute decoupling (emissions fell while GDP remained on an increasing path). Worldwide, both emissions and GDP increased, but with relative decoupling, i.e. GDP grew faster than GHG emissions. Figure 2 also shows that GHG
emissions and final energy consumption correlated closely at world level, while the EU reduced its GHG emissions much faster than its energy consumption


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