laineskoba has written 11 posts for European Parliamentary Research Service Blog

Chinese investment in the EU

From ports to cars to food processing, China’s foreign direct investment (FDI) in the European Union (EU) concerns a wide variety of economy sectors. While China’s FDI in the EU has grown exponentially, it still is only a small part of the total FDI into EU. Despite the government’s role in the growth of Chinese … Continue reading

Controversial issues in EU-India trade: Disputes at WTO level

Despite long-running negotiations, there appears little prospect that the EU-India Bilateral Trade and Investment Agreement will be signed in 2014, as the differences between the two have turned out even more challenging than initially expected. Negotiations began in 2007, hoping to link the world’s largest single market with one of the fastest growing economies in a mutually complimentary … Continue reading

International Court of Justice rules on Japanese Antarctic whaling programme

The United Nations International Court of Justice (ICJ) ruled on 31 March 2014 that Japan’s large-scale whaling programme in the Antarctic was in breach of the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling, as well as other international obligations for the preservation of marine mammals and the marine environment. International Conventions on Whaling Whaling is … Continue reading

European Court of Human Rights urges Russia to refrain from military action in Ukraine

On 13 March 2014, just three days before the referendum in Crimea took place, the Government of Ukraine lodged an inter-State application against the Russian Federation before the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR). Given the urgency, Ukraine also asked for interim measures to prevent threats to the life and health of the civilian population … Continue reading

China-Iceland Free Trade Agreement

China signed a free trade agreement (FTA) with Iceland earlier this year. This is China’s first FTA with a western European state. Once in force it will waive most tariffs in trade between the two countries. However, the tiny size of Iceland’s market and the fact that the agreement does not provide low-tariff entry for … Continue reading

Transboundary water management: The Rogun Dam in Tajikistan

In more than 260 transboundary watercourses around the world, the closely linked issues of energy, water and agriculture cause difficulties. Tensions between energy-starved Tajikistan and cotton-producing Uzbekistan over the planned Rogun hydro-electric dam illustrate the continuing ‘water versus energy’ debate. At the same time, the scarcity of water resources in Central Asia is often caused … Continue reading

Opening negotiations on a plurilateral Trade in Services Agreement (TiSA)

6 language versions available in PDF format Avvio dei negoziati su un accordo multilaterale sugli scambi di servizi (TiSA) Otwarcie negocjacji wielostronnego układu ogólnego w sprawie handlu usługami (TiSA) Opening negotiations on a plurilateral Trade in Services Agreement (TiSA) Eröffnung von Verhandlungen über ein multilaterales Abkommen über den Handel mit Dienstleistungen Inicio de negociaciones sobre … Continue reading

The EU framework for arms exports

The aim of the EU arms-trade control framework is to strike a balance between the economic interests of Member States and preventing irresponsible exports to countries that violate human rights and fundamental freedoms. Principal arms exporters From 2007 to 2011 the five largest suppliers of conventional weapons, USA (30%), Russia (24%), Germany (9%), France (8%) … Continue reading

Does economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa reduce poverty?

According to the World Bank’s latest issue of “African Pulse”, its semi-annual economic development report, Sub-Saharan Africa’s economies continue to grow and are predicted strong medium-term prospects. However, the last decade’s strong economic growth has failed to reduce mass poverty in this region, due to dependence on the export of natural resources and rising inequality. Sub … Continue reading

European Endowment for Democracy: hopes and expectations

Following the Arab Spring, the European Union and its Member States have established – on a Polish initiative – the European Endowment for Democracy (EED). The aim is to foster and encourage deep and sustainable democracy in transition countries, and in societies struggling for democratisation. It is hoped that the EED will complement other instruments … Continue reading

Principal EU-US trade disputes

The prospect of transatlantic free trade talks has brought the EU-US trade relationship, the largest bilateral trading relationship in the world, into the spotlight. Trade disputes account for a small fraction of the total volume of this trade, around 2% according to the Commission, despite often receiving prominent media coverage. But a number of long-running … Continue reading

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