Figure 3 – Expectations for more EU action than at present: percentage points difference between 2016 and 2018

Despite the slight overall fall in the expectation for more EU action in protecting the Union’s external borders, in each individual Member State, a majority of citizens nevertheless do expect more EU involvement. The most prominent falls are registered in Estonia (a decrease of 12 percentage points), Austria, Italy, Latvia and Slovakia (decrease of nine percentage points in each of those countries). The most significant increases in expectations for more EU involvement in this policy are in Spain (increase of seven percentage points), Ireland and Cyprus (increase of six percentage points in each of these countries).