selection

agriculture

This tag is associated with 61 posts

Fertilisers in the EU: Uneven terrain

Written by Marc Hall in cooperation with Didier Bourguignon, European agriculture is in the midst of a crisis, with low prices and import bans by Russia putting farmers under pressure. The price of inputs is also increasing, among them fertilisers, organic or synthesised compounds that provide nutrients to plants. Fertilisers, particularly inorganic varieties, are widely … Continue reading

Patents and plant breeders’ rights

Following the decision of the European Patents Office (EPO) to authorise patents on certain products derived from conventional selection methods, many citizens have called on Parliament, as well as the Commission, to take steps in order to clarify existing EU rules and protect plant breeders’ access to biological resources. Plant breeding is an innovative process … Continue reading

Animal health law: Rules on transmissible animal diseases [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Beata Rojek (2nd edition), Transmissible animal diseases can have a significant impact on animal and public health and on the economy. Current EU legislation in the field developed over decades and consists of a large number of acts. In an evaluation initiated by the Commission, the legislation was assessed as generally well-functioning and … Continue reading

CAP simplification: State of play

Writtten by Francesco Tropea, The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) for 2014-2020, with a budget of €408.31 billion and more than 7 million beneficiaries across Europe, was approved in 2013. At Member State level, implementation began in 2015 and is still ongoing. In this context, simplification of the CAP is an objective shared by the European institutions … Continue reading

Russian measures against European Union agricultural products: one year on

Written by Ana Martinez Juan The legal basis for the European Union (EU) relations with the Russian Federation is the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement , which came into force on 1 December 1997 and regulates the political and economic relations between the two parties. In this context, and regarding trade exchanges, Russia is the third … Continue reading

Imports of GM food and feed: Right of Member States to opt out [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Tarja Laaninen (2nd edition) All genetically modified organisms (GMOs) need authorisation before they can be placed on the EU market. However, a qualified majority among the Member States has never been reached either in favour of or against any authorisation proposal put forward by the Commission. The Commission has therefore concluded that the … Continue reading

2015 International Year of Soils

Written by Astrid Klaver, Ana Martínez Juan and Maria Kollarova The United Nations has declared 2015 the International Year of Soils . Its aim is to increase awareness and understanding of the importance of soil for food security and ecosystem functions. The organisation is in the hands of the Global Soil Partnership , a partnership … Continue reading

EU rural development policy

Written by Marie-Laure Augère-Granier The rural development concept has evolved significantly over recent decades to become a fully-fledged policy at European Union level. It has adapted to an enlarged Europe which, from 2004, welcomed 13 new countries, adding much diversity to an already strongly contrasted rural Europe. Adaptation was also needed to cope with important … Continue reading

Supporting young farmers in the EU

Written by Marie-Laure Augère-Granier The European Union farming sector faces a demographic challenge – a shortage of young farmers – that undermines its long-term sustainability. Many socio-economic factors, such as reduced access to land and credit, and lack of rural infrastructure, drive young people away from a career in agriculture. The EU therefore provides various … Continue reading

Water for agriculture

Written by Ana Martinez Juan Water is crucial for life on earth and a determining production factor in agriculture. It is also one of the public goods associated with agriculture. Water must be managed effectively and sustainably; this will make it possible to preserve ecosystems and to ensure sufficient quality and quantity for human needs. … Continue reading

Organic Food

Written by Giulio Sabbati and Ivana Katsarova Organic production is an overall system of farm management and food production that aims at sustainable agriculture, high-quality products and the use of processes that do not harm the environment, human, plant or animal health and welfare. Globally, 43.1 million hectares of agricultural land was under organic production … Continue reading

Focus on Food & Farmers

Written by Maria Kollarova This week our focus is on agriculture, our food and farmers’ livelihoods. The Russian embargo of agricultural products has certainly become a hot topic in the area since 7 August, when the Russian government adopted a list of agricultural imports to be banned. It is really too early to say what … Continue reading

Organic production and labelling of organic products

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission’s Impact Assessment (IA) accompanying the above proposal which was adopted on 24 March 2014. The first EU legislation on organic farming was adopted in 19911 and substantially revised in 20072. Amongst other things, this revision introduced the possibility … Continue reading

Organic farming

Please note that the following is a summary of a more complete information resource  The FAO recognises organic agriculture as one of several approaches to sustainable agriculture where almost all synthetic inputs are prohibited, and soil investment and crop rotation are mandated. The International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements has defined “organic farming” in 2012 … Continue reading

La politique européenne de développement rural

Partie intégrante de la politique agricole commune, la politique de développement rural de l’Union européenne pour la période 2014-2020 contribue à favoriser la compétitivité de l’agriculture, à assurer un développement territorial équilibré des zones rurales et à garantir la gestion durable des ressources naturelles ainsi que la mise en œuvre de mesures visant à préserver … Continue reading

Urban and Peri-urban Agriculture

Urban and peri-urban agriculture has been defined as the cultivation of crops and rearing of animals for food and other uses within and surrounding the boundaries of cities, including fisheries and forestry. It comprehends a multifunctional of food production activities, as well as herbs, medicinal and ornamental plants for both home consumption and for the … Continue reading

Small Farms

In 2015 farmers will have the possibility to opt for the small farmers’ scheme, which will regroup into one lump-sum  all direct payments for approximately 2,3 million eligible farms, whose support does not exceed €1 250. The European Parliament resolution on the future of small agricultural holdings highlights the role of small farms in preserving Europe’s countryside and biodiversity, as well as … Continue reading

2014 International Year of Family Farming

2014 was designated the 2014 International Year of Family Farming at the 66th session of the UN General Assembly in 2011, promoted by the World Rural Forum and supported by civil society and farmers’ organizations. The objective is raising the profile of family farming by focusing world attention on its role in alleviating hunger and … Continue reading

Les abeilles dans l’UE: un bilan de santé inquiétant

Mise à jour du briefing publié en juin 2013. Ces deux dernières décennies, les apiculteurs européens voient mourir un nombre anormalement élevé de leurs ruches. Au-delà des conséquences sur le secteur apicole lui-même, les enjeux agricoles et écologiques de la disparition des abeilles sont considérables. Ce phénomène de mortalités excessives n’a pas d’explication unique identifiée, … Continue reading

Promotion and information actions for agricultural products

The European Commission policy on promotion and information actions for agricultural products in the internal market and in third countries has been evolving since the 1980s. Starting with a specific support to some agricultural sectors under individual regulations, the current policy is ruled by Council Regulation 3/2008 and Commission Regulation 501/2008. Currently, the promotion support … Continue reading

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