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EU’s refugee crisis

This tag is associated with 97 posts

Recast Eurodac Regulation [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Anita Orav (2nd edition), Eurodac is a biometric database in which Member States are required to enter the fingerprint data of asylum-seekers in order to identify where they entered the EU. Established in 2000 and reviewed in 2013, its main purpose is to facilitate the application of the Dublin Regulation. The 2013 revision … Continue reading

Safe countries of origin: Proposed common EU list [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Joanna Apap and Anita Orav (2nd edition) As part of the European Agenda on Migration, the Commission proposed a regulation on 9 September 2015 to establish a common EU list of safe countries of origin, initially comprising Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo, Montenegro, Serbia and Turkey. The aim … Continue reading

Vulnerability of unaccompanied and separated child migrants

Written by Joanna Apap, The United Nations Children’s Fund (Unicef) has estimated that in 2015, there were globally no fewer than 100 000 unaccompanied migrant and refugee children. Europol has stated that at least 10 000 unaccompanied child refugees have gone missing after arriving in Europe. There are various reasons why a child may be … Continue reading

Refugee and asylum policy in Australia: Between resettlement and deterrence

Written by Ionel Zamfir , Australia has established a refugee policy which has proved highly effective in deterring irregular migrants, but has attracted much criticism from human rights organisations. Its main drivers have been mandatory detention and offshore processing of irregular asylum-seekers arriving by boat. Since it was enacted, drownings at sea no longer occur … Continue reading

Universal Children’s Day 2016

As we mark the UN’s Universal Children’s Day this year, how are children in Europe faring in some of the key areas covered in the Convention on the Rights of the Child and what is the European Union doing to protect their rights and ensure their wellbeing? How do children themselves see their lives and … Continue reading

EPRS Roundtable on ‘Europe’s Migration and Security Nexus: The role of the EU and the UN’

Written by Joanna Apap, In the face of ongoing migration challenges and the growing focus on external and internal security threats, growing rifts have opened up between Member States, hampering attempts to renew discussion on shared European values as enshrined in the Article 2 of Treaty on the European Union. At international level, the United … Continue reading

European Border and Coast Guard system [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Alexandra Gatto and Jesús Carmona (3rd edition), In December 2015, the European Commission proposed setting up a European Border and Coast Guard System (EBCGS), building on the European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the EU (Frontex). The proposal would introduce a supervisory … Continue reading

Serbia’s role in dealing with the migration crisis

Written by Velina Lilyanova, In 2015, the Western Balkans experienced an unprecedented movement of migrants and refugees headed towards the EU. This created a wider European challenge affecting both EU Member States and candidate countries located along their route, particularly Serbia and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Serbia’s role has mainly been that of … Continue reading

Cohesion policy and the integration of migrants in urban areas

Written by Christiaan van Lierop, With migration largely an urban reality, the successful integration of migrants in our towns and cities is of key importance if Europe is to find a long-term solution to the migrant question. The EU’s cohesion policy can provide support for countries in this area through investments under the European Social … Continue reading

The EU and migration [What Think Tanks are Thinking]

Written by Marcin Grajewski, The migration crisis has eased since the agreement in March between the European Union and Turkey closed one major route through which people had been trying to reach Europe. A long-term solution to a better management of migration flows still appears elusive, as the Turkey deal could still unravel and other … Continue reading

Outcome of the informal meeting of 27 Heads of State or Government on 16 September 2016 in Bratislava

Written by Ralf Drachenberg, The Bratislava summit was an informal meeting of Heads of State or Government of 27 Member States. Although attended by all members of the European Council other than the UK Prime Minister, it was not a meeting of that institution. Another difference from the European Council format was the absence of … Continue reading

European travel document for illegally staying migrants [Plenary Podcast]

Written by Anja Radjenovic, In 2014, EU Member States issued almost half a million return decisions to migrants who have no right to enter or stay on the EU territory. However, only 40% of irregularly staying migrants were actually returned to a non-EU country. Lack of valid travel documents for returnees is one of the … Continue reading

Public opinion and EU action on migration and border management: exploring the expectations gap

Written by Clare Ferguson, EU action on migration and the subsequent pressures on the Schengen area of free movement is of great interest to European citizens. The European Parliament, the only directly elected EU institution, recently commissioned a Eurobarometer survey to find out how citizens perceived EU action on migration and border management. Identifying the … Continue reading

The European Council in 2015

Written by Suzana Elena Anghel, Izabela Cristina Bacian, Ralf Drachenberg and Susanna Tenhunen Designed to be the first in a series of annual publications, this In-Depth Analysis by the European Council Oversight Unit of the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) examines in detail the activity of the European Council in 2015, in all of the … Continue reading

Outcome of the European Council of 28 June 2016 and the informal meeting of 27 Heads of State or Government on 29 June 2016

Written by Joséphine Vanden Broucke, Ralf Drachenberg, Susanna Tenhunen and Suzana Anghel, The 28 June 2016 European Council was described by its President, Donald Tusk, as ‘very much a British European Council’. The result of the UK referendum held on 23 June 2016 – in which 51.9% of the 71.8% of the electorate who voted opted … Continue reading

European Border and Coast Guard Agency [Plenary Podcast]

Written by Alexandra Gatto, A proposed regulation establishing a European Border and Coast Guard Agency (the Agency) is expected to be submitted to the European Parliament for a vote at first reading during the July plenary, and subsequently to the Council for adoption. The text agreed in trilogue negotiations between the two institutions expands the … Continue reading

Integration of migrants: The education dimension

Written by Ivana Katsarova, Graphics and maps: Giulio Sabbati, Equipping immigrants with the necessary skills to achieve successful integration is a central preoccupation of policy-makers in the EU and beyond. The integration challenges of migrant students in formal educational systems tend to be essentially related to the three main components of education – access, participation … Continue reading

World Refugee Day: Gender-sensitivity is called for in Asylum and Refugees Policies

Written by Joanna Apap, 20th June 2016 is the World’s Refugee Day. Women refugees have topped the agenda for the European Parliament this year. Parliament has addressed extensively the issue of the need of greater gender-sensitivity in asylum policies and procedures. In 2016, the world is experiencing an unprecedented climax in the mass movement of … Continue reading

The Establishment of an EU Entry/Exit System

Written by Hubert Dalli, This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission’s Impact Assessment (IA) accompanying the above Commission proposals, submitted on 6 April 2016 and referred to Parliament’s Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs. Between 2002 and 2011 the European Commission issued a … Continue reading

Migration and the EU: A long-term perspective

Written by Eamonn Noonan, Policy debate on migration understandably focuses on short-term challenges and costs, given the refugee wave that arrived in the EU in 2015. This briefing by contrast addresses challenges and opportunities for the EU of migration in the long term, and builds on foresight work within the European Strategy and Policy Analysis … Continue reading

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