selection

In-depth analysis

This tag is associated with 85 posts

Parliament’s committees of inquiry and special committees

Written by Eva-Maria Poptcheva, The European Parliament has recently been making increasing use of its investigative instruments – special and inquiry committees. The TAXE Committee, established in the aftermath of the ‘LuxLeaks’ scandal to look into unfair tax practices in the EU, was followed by the TAXE 2 special committee on tax rulings. The EMIS … Continue reading

Cloud computing: An overview of economic and policy issues

Written by Ron Davies, Cloud computing is a model for providing information and communication technology (ICT) services (including servers, systems, storage and applications) over a network such as the internet. By taking advantage of self-service implementation and configuration, and flexible pools of virtual computers based on shared hardware in vast purpose-built data centres managed by … Continue reading

The Juncker Commission’s ten priorities: State of play in 2016

Written by Étienne Bassot and Wolfgang Hiller, A year and a half has elapsed since Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker took office on 1 November 2014, having presented the ten priority areas which would serve as his Commission’s guiding lines for the next five years and which would therefore form the basis of its annual work … Continue reading

An EU mechanism on democracy, the rule of law and fundamental rights: European Added Value Assessment

Updated on 27 October 2016 Written by Wouter van Ballegooij and Tatjana Evas, This European Added Value Assessment (EAVA) accompanies a resolution based on the legislative initiative report prepared by Parliament’s Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE) (rapporteur: Sophie in’t Veld (ALDE, Netherlands) presenting recommendations to the Commission on an EU mechanism … Continue reading

Organised Crime and Corruption: Cost of Non-Europe Report

Written by Wouter van Ballegooij and Thomas Zandstra, This study demonstrates the need to tackle organised crime and corruption together as the two are in a mutually reinforcing relationship. Organised crime groups attempt to regulate and control the production and distribution of a given commodity of service unlawfully. In so doing, their aim is to … Continue reading

Poverty in the European Union: The crisis and its aftermath

Written by Marie Lecerf, The economic crisis has exacerbated social burdens such as poverty and inequality, which were already major issues before the crisis. Due to the multifaceted nature of poverty, the European Union uses a multidimensional indicator – the ‘at risk of poverty or social exclusion’ rate – based on three different dimensions: monetary … Continue reading

The European Research Area: Evolving concept, implementation challenges

Written by Vincent Reillon, In 1972, the Commission proposed the first guidelines for a Community policy on research and innovation with two dimensions: Member State cooperation in tackling common issues, and national research policy coordination. The former dimension was implemented gradually and led to the adoption of the first framework programme for Community research in … Continue reading

The fourth railway package: Another step towards a Single European Railway Area

Written by Damiano Scordamaglia with the collaboration of Ivana Katsarova, Railways were the first modern means of transport and the rail network developed considerably across the EU over time. Despite its expansion, when comparing 1995 with 2013, rail’s share has decreased for freight and has remained fairly constant at about 6% for passenger transport. This … Continue reading

Role of the US Congress in trade agreements: The ‘Fast-Track’ procedure

Written by Micaela Del Monte and Laura Puccio Since 1974 the United States Congress has enacted Trade Promotion Authority (TPA) legislation to ensure speedy implementation of trade agreements in the United States, while maintaining a congressional hold on the objectives to be pursued by US negotiators. TPA defines a streamlined procedure (or expedited procedure) to … Continue reading

The UK’s ‘new settlement’ in the European Union: Renegotiation and referendum

Written by Eva-Maria Poptcheva and David Eatock, Following the election of a majority Conservative government in the UK general election of May 2015, the British Prime Minister, David Cameron, opened negotiations with the other EU Member States and the EU institutions to establish a ‘new settlement’ between the UK and the Union. This renegotiation, conducted … Continue reading

European Council and crisis management

Written by Suzana Elena Anghel, Ralf Drachenberg and Stanislas de Finance Over the last number of years Europe has been facing an increasing number of crises of a very different nature, ranging from the sovereign debt crisis to foreign policy crises – (Ukraine and Libya for example) – and the on-going migration crisis. The European … Continue reading

Africa’s economic growth: Taking off or slowing down?

Written by Ionel Zamfir Over the past 15 years, most countries in Africa experienced sustained economic growth, with growth rates often exceeding 5% per year. This has inspired much optimism about the region’s prospects to finally leave poverty and under-development behind. However, the general economic context is now turning less favourable, with growth slowing down, … Continue reading

Work and social welfare for asylum-seekers and refugees: selected EU Member States

Written by Eva-Maria Poptcheva and Andrej Stuchlik (with contributions from Piotr Bakowski, Alexandra Gatto, Detelin Ivanov, Ingeborg Odink, and Irene Peñas Dendariena) The surge of asylum-seekers to the EU has increased steadily, and reached record highs in recent years and months. Asylum-seekers risk their lives on dangerous journeys to Europe, which often do not stop at … Continue reading

Negotiating a new UN climate agreement: Challenges for the Paris climate change conference

Written by Gregor Erbach A new international agreement to combat climate change is due to be adopted in December 2015 at the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The current climate agreements commit developed countries to take climate action, but not developing countries, some of … Continue reading

Understanding Securitisation: Background − benefits − risks

Written by Angelos Delivorias Securitisation is a financing technique by which homogeneous income-generating assets − which on their own may be difficult to trade − are pooled and sold to a specially created third party, which uses them as collateral to issue securities and sell them in financial markets. This presents advantages to issuers (e.g. … Continue reading

The Reform of the Electoral Law of the European Union: European Added Value Assessment accompanying the legislative own-initiative Report

Written by Monika Nogaj and Eva-Maria Poptcheva Although the Treaties foresee the possibility of a uniform electoral procedure, elections to the European Parliament are determined by national electoral rules, which differ considerably from one Member State to the next. The discrepancies in national procedures make for a very complex overall process of electing Members of … Continue reading

Investment rules in trade agreements: Developments and issues in light of the TTIP debate

Written by Laura Puccio EU FDI stocks in the US amount to €1 651.6 billion and US FDI stocks in the EU to €1 685.5 billion. Investment access and protection are therefore critical to EU-US economic relations. However, the need for an investment chapter in the proposed Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP), and an … Continue reading

EU sport policy: An overview

Written by Vivienne Halleux Sport has a significant impact on the European Union (EU)’s economy and society, and its importance is growing. Sport-related employment has been estimated at 7.38 million people, equivalent to 3.51% of total EU employment, and the share of sport-related gross value added, at €294 billion (2.98% of total EU gross value … Continue reading

eGovernment: Using technology to improve public services and democratic participation

Written by Ron Davies eGovernment refers to efforts by public authorities to use information and communication technologies (ICTs) to improve public services and increase democratic participation. eGovernment aims to improve government efficiency through the reduced cost of electronic information management and communications, the reorganisation of government agencies and the reduction of administrative silos of information. … Continue reading

Consumer protection in the EU: Policy overview

Written by Jana Valant The final consumption expenditure of households currently accounts for 57% of EU gross domestic product. A single market that serves consumers well is therefore an important element to stimulating Europe’s economic growth. The Council Resolution of 14 April 1975 on a preliminary programme of the European Economic Community for a consumer … Continue reading

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