selection

Western Balkans

This tag is associated with 41 posts

The Western Balkans and the EU: Enlargement and challenges

The challenges ahead of the EU and the current candidate, and potential candidate, countries – Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo, Montenegro and Serbia – are multiple and, to some extent, different compared to the past. First, the EU itself is in a different situation. In 2014, the European Commission’s newly elected president announced a five-year halt to enlargement. In June 2016, the UK voted to leave the EU, an event unprecedented in Union history. Continue reading

The Western Balkans’ Berlin process: A new impulse for regional cooperation

Written by Velina Lilyanova, The six Western Balkan countries – Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo, Montenegro and Serbia – are united by the common goal of joining the EU. However, they still face divisions, both infrastructural and political, and are confronted, among other things, by a dire economic situation … Continue reading

The Western Balkans: Frontline of the migrant crisis

Written by Velina Lilyanova 2015 was a landmark year in the history of migration to Europe, with an unprecedented and constantly increasing flow of migrants making their way to the European Union. Fleeing poverty and war mainly in the Middle East and Africa, more and more people embarked on perilous journeys to reach the safety … Continue reading

Corruption — still a major problem in several Western Balkan countries

Written by Velina Lilyanova The United Nations’ 2003 Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) starts by noting that corruption ‘undermines democracy and the rule of law, leads to violations of human rights, distorts markets, erodes the quality of life and allows organized crime, terrorism and other threats to human security to flourish’. To a varying extent, all … Continue reading

Stažiranje kolegice iz Knjižnice Narodne skupštine

Milana Šteković, kolegica iz Knjižnice Narodne skupštine u Beogradu, boravila je u Bruxellesu u okviru “Pretpristupnog programa stažiranja za zaposlene u parlamentima zemalja Zapadnog Balkana“, koji je pokrenut 2012. godine. S obzirom na to da u Narodnoj skupštini radi kao istraživač u Knjižnici, upravo je Knjižnica Europskog parlamenta bila služba domaćin tijekom njenog posjeta. Bila … Continue reading

In focus week on the Western Balkans

The last three plenary sessions of the European Parliament (EP) featured one recurring policy issue: EU enlargement, reason enough to focus this week on the countries of the Western Balkans, and their varying progress towards EU membership. Assessing the progress of countries waiting in the queue to join is carried out in an annual exercise by the … Continue reading

Sarajevo process : the 1992-95 war refugee problem in the Western Balkans

The Sarajevo Process takes its name from the Sarajevo Declaration adopted in January 2005 at a Regional Ministerial Conference on Refugee Returns (Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Montenegro. It was further supported by the Belgrade Declaration, adopted at the Migration, Asylum and Refugees Regional Initiative (MARRI) Regional Forum, on 7 April 2006. The participating states committed to find a solution for the remaining … Continue reading

Bosnia & Herzegovina: continuing standstill

Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) made very limited progress towards EU membership in 2013. The lack of measures to address discrimination on the grounds of ethnicity, and thus implement the judgment of the European Court of Human Rights is preventing BiH from moving closer to the EU. Background BiH was recognised as a potential candidate country … Continue reading

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: still awaiting the green light for enlargement talks

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia obtained the status of candidate country in December 2005. The European Commission’s annual progress reports since 2009 have consistently recommended the opening of negotiations. However, the name issue still appears the main stumbling block. The dispute arose in 1991, when the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia seceded from Yugoslavia … Continue reading

Bosnia 2013 Census

The 2013 census in BiH did not start off well. The Bosnian political parties could not agree for many years whether to call for the census or not. The main issue was the return of refugees to pre-war homes, as foreseen by Annex 7 of the 1995 Dayton Peace Accords. Continue reading

Serbia: accession negotiations set to start

In its latest progress report on Serbia, the European Commission maintained its April 2013 recommendation that membership negotiations be opened. With the framework for accession talks endorsed by the December European Council, negotiations are expected to start with an intergovernmental conference on 21 January 2014. Background In March 2012, the European Council agreed to grant … Continue reading

Kosovo’s European integration prospects

By agreeing with Serbia on ways to normalise relations, a key demand of the EU, Kosovo took a major step on the path towards the EU in 2013. Kosovo has started negotiations on a Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA) with the EU, with conclusion expected in spring 2014. Improved relations with Serbia On 19 April … Continue reading

Republika Srpska

Republika Srpska  The Dayton Peace Agreement modified the structure of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It created two entities – the Federation of BiH  (51% of the territory, predominantly inhabited by Bosniaks, but also by Bosnian Croats) and the Republika Srpska (49% of the territory, with a majority of Bosnian Serbs) – as well as the Brcko District, which is a self-governing unit under the jurisdiction of … Continue reading

Croats in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnian Croats, the smallest of the country’s three main communities, complain of a lack of political power. Many left Bosnia during the war and a majority settled in Croatia. In what is now Republika Srpska,  only 5-10% are thought to have returned. Several estimates have been made, that range from 434 000 to 570 000, significantly less than in 1991 census when there were 760 000. In October 2013, … Continue reading

Growing up under siege: “War Childhood” by Jasminko Halilović

By MEP Doris Gisela Pack (DE/EPP) What was it like to grow up in a Sarajevo under siege? Now that we are some years on from the terrible events of the early nineties, I thought it was time for some reflection. In cooperation with Mr Dino Elezović of the Sarajevo Canton – Regional Representation in … Continue reading

Bosnia and Herzegovina: reactions to the Commission’s 2012 progress report

In its latest progress report on Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), the European Commission concluded that BiH made very limited progress towards EU membership in 2012. EU institutions as well as the Bosnian government have endorsed the findings of the Commission’s progress report. The current situation Sixteen months after the country’s October 2010 legislative elections, a … Continue reading

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Seventh EU progress report towards accession: what has changed

In October 2012, the European Commission reiterated its recommendation on the launch of accession negotiations with the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM). However, the absence of progress on the name dispute with Greece is still hampering the country’s progress towards joining the EU. The report at a glance For the fourth consecutive time, the … Continue reading

Montenegro: which challenges for EU accession?

Montenegro applied for EU membership in 2008, two years after its independence. While the second Commission progress report of 10 October 2012 acknowledged the country’s efforts to tackle its main challenges, it stressed that problems remain. State of play In line with a new EU approach to accession negotiations, from the beginning of talks in … Continue reading

EU-Serbia: normalisation with Kosovo needed

Updated on 11 April 2013 6 language versions available in PDF formatEU-Serbien: Beziehungen zum Kosovo müssen sich normalisieren UE-Serbia: es necesario normalizar las relaciones con Kosovo UE – Serbie: il faut normaliser les relations avec le Kosovo UE-Serbia: necessità di normalizzare le relazioni con il Kosovo UE – Serbia: konieczność normalizacji stosunków z Kosowem EU-Serbia: … Continue reading

Fighting organised crime: our products that support the EP’s work

For our part, we have produced a set of library products aiming to support the work of the Committee and will continue to do so. Now, in order to provide a comprehensive and complete overview of the topic, we present them all here. If you need a short, but in-depth analysis we suggest you look … Continue reading

Download the EPRS App

EPRS App on Google Play
EPRS App on App Store
What Europe Does For You
EU Legislation in Progress
Topical Digests
EPRS Podcasts

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 3,305 other followers

Disclaimer and Copyright statement

The content of all documents (and articles) contained in this blog is the sole responsibility of the author and any opinions expressed therein do not necessarily represent the official position of the European Parliament. It is addressed to the Members and staff of the EP for their parliamentary work. Reproduction and translation for non-commercial purposes are authorised, provided the source is acknowledged and the European Parliament is given prior notice and sent a copy.

For a comprehensive description of our cookie and data protection policies, please visit Terms and Conditions page.

Copyright © European Union, 2014-2019. All rights reserved.