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EP history

This tag is associated with 15 posts

The political impact of the European Parliament in the 1980s

Written by Christian Salm, Research on the history of the EU has mainly covered the impact of the nation states and their governments on the European integration process. Consequently, historical research on the role of the EU’s supranational institutions has been neglected. There are only a few exceptions where historical studies reconstruct the influence of … Continue reading

Impact of the ECSC Common Assembly on the politics, negotiation and content of the Rome Treaties

Written by Christian Salm, As the historical framework for the present-day European Union (EU), the Treaties of Rome, signed in March 1957 and establishing the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom), are among the most important treaties of the European integration process. The failure to set up a … Continue reading

The role of Altiero Spinelli on the path towards European Union

On 14 February 1984, the European Parliament debated and adopted the draft ‘Treaty establishing the European Union’.Now, 30 years on, Spinelli and the draft treaty he championed are considered to be key elements in the European Union’s integration process. Continue reading

The first hemicycle of the European Parliament: Schuman Building, Luxembourg

Written by Francesca Davanzo, The Schuman Building Since 1973, the Schuman Building has been home to a number of departments of the European Parliament’s Secretariat. In spite of its austere look and administrative nature, it houses the first hemicycle (debating chamber) that was designed and built for the plenary sittings of the European Parliament. Even … Continue reading

Happy Birthday European Union: Europe Day, 9 May

Written by Clare Ferguson, On 9 May, we celebrate Europe’s advances in peace, reconciliation, democracy and human rights. The day commemorates the Schuman Declaration, which set up the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), presented by French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman in 1950. In 2016, therefore, we celebrate the 66th anniversary of the birth of the … Continue reading

L’impact de la Communauté européenne du charbon et de l’acier (CECA) sur le Luxembourg et la construction européenne

Écrit par Iolanda Mombelli, “L’impact de la Communauté européenne du charbon et de l’acier (CECA) sur le Luxembourg et la construction européenne” et l’histoire des pouvoirs et de la politique budgétaire du Parlement européen (PE) étaient au cœur des discussions de la table ronde organisée le 26 novembre 2015 dans l’ancien hémicycle du Parlement à … Continue reading

The Historical Archives: European Union history and European Parliament history

Written by Isabel Saavedra As official record keeper of the European Parliament, the Historical Archives hold a wealth of historical documents spanning from the creation of the European Coal and Steel Community Assembly in 1952, to the present. These documents include official EP texts (adopted reports and resolutions, parliamentary questions, and debates), and also the … Continue reading

A stepping stone towards gender equality: the Ad Hoc Committee on Women’s Rights 1979-1981

Written by Claudia Touceira The European Parliament has a long history of interest and involvement in women’s rights and gender equality. As early as 1957, the Treaty of Rome included the principle of equal pay for male and female workers (Art. 119 : Each Member State shall during the first stage ensure and subsequently maintain the … Continue reading

Summary: Conference on the Echelon affair

Written by Kristina Svobodová A conference was held on 5 November to mark the publication of a study by the European Parliament Historical Archives – “The Echelon Affair. The EP and the global interception system 1998-2002″. Several guest speakers, who were actually involved in the investigation of the Echelon affair, attended to give their perspective … Continue reading

The Echelon Affair: A History of the Investigation and its significance today

Written by Iolanda Mombelli Study: L’affaire Echelon : Les travaux du Parlement européen sur le système global d’interception, 1998-2002 The Echelon Affair: the EP and the global interception system 1998-2002 The Echelon system … unlike many of the electronic spy systems developed during the cold war, is designed for primarily non-military targets: governments, organisations and … Continue reading

From Santer to Barroso: how strongly EP supported them?

Written by Alexandra Devantier and Kristina Svobodova The new Juncker Commission has now been approved by the European Parliament and will start its term of office on 1 November 2014. In the European Parliament’s vote on Wednesday 23 October, the incoming Commission gained 423 votes in favour, 209 against, while 67 MEPs abstained. But do … Continue reading

Historical Archives of the European Parliament

Many people think that archives are all about dust and old papers. At the Historical Archives of the European Parliament things are a little different. The Historical Archives of the EP manage and preserve official documents and other archival material which reflect the history and activities of the Parliament, dating back to 1952. The Archives … Continue reading

Europe’s first women

Before direct elections to the European Parliament, when members were delegates of their national parliaments, female representation was marginal. Only 31 women were members from 1952 until the first elections in 1979 (see list). The number of women may have been small, but they were powerful. Some chaired committees (Chairs and Vice-Chairs) like the Committee … Continue reading

The road to the 1984 Spinelli Report

The Spinelli Report was the result of many years of work and reflection, a project developed on the basis of the Manifesto di Ventotene written by Altiero Spinelli with Ernesto Rossi in 1941. Spinelli chose to advocate a United States of Europe, and the first elected Parliament offered him the chance to work on some … Continue reading

Spinelli’s legacy: the federal path

6 language versions available in PDF format Das Vermächtnis von Altiero Spinelli: der Weg zu einem föderalen System El legado de Spinelli: la vía federal L’héritage d’Altiero Spinelli: la voie du fédéralisme Il lascito di Spinelli: la via del federalismo Spuścizna po Spinellim: federalizm Spinelli’s legacy: the federal path The 1984 Draft Treaty establishing the … Continue reading

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The content of all documents (and articles) contained in this blog is the sole responsibility of the author and any opinions expressed therein do not necessarily represent the official position of the European Parliament. It is addressed to the Members and staff of the EP for their parliamentary work. Reproduction and translation for non-commercial purposes are authorised, provided the source is acknowledged and the European Parliament is given prior notice and sent a copy. Copyright © European Union, 2014. All rights reserved