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Institutional and Legal Affairs

This category contains 509 posts

UK withdrawal from the European Union: Legal and procedural issues

Written by Jesús Carmona, Carmen-Cristina Cîrlig and Gianluca Sgueo, On 29 March 2017, the United Kingdom (UK) is expected to give formal notification of its intention to leave the European Union (EU), following the recent adoption of an Act of Parliament authorising the British government to take this important step. The notification follows nine months … Continue reading

Use of the Schengen Information System for the return of illegally staying third-country nationals [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Costica Dumbrava (1st edition), The Schengen Information System (SIS) is a large-scale information database that supports external border control and law enforcement cooperation in the Schengen states. It enables competent authorities, such as police and border guards, to enter and consult alerts on certain categories of wanted or missing persons and lost or … Continue reading

Revision of the Schengen Information System for border checks [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Costica Dumbrava (1st edition), The Schengen Information System (SIS) is a large-scale information database that supports external border control and law enforcement cooperation in the Schengen states. It enables competent authorities, such as police and border guards, to enter and consult alerts on wanted or missing persons and lost or stolen property. In … Continue reading

Impact of the ECSC Common Assembly on the politics, negotiation and content of the Rome Treaties

Written by Christian Salm, As the historical framework for the present-day European Union (EU), the Treaties of Rome, signed in March 1957 and establishing the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom), are among the most important treaties of the European integration process. The failure to set up a … Continue reading

Communicating Europe in third countries

Written by Patryk Pawlak, Work on implementing the EU’s global strategy for 2016-2017 includes stepping up public diplomacy efforts as one of the priority areas. A number of factors motivated this move. Firstly, the substantial resources committed for relief and recovery assistance to Syrian refugees and their host communities in neighbouring Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, Turkey … Continue reading

Revision of the Schengen Information System for law enforcement [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Costica Dumbrava (1st edition), The Schengen Information System (SIS) is a large-scale information database that supports external border control and law enforcement cooperation in the Schengen states. It enables competent authorities, such as police and border guards, to enter and consult alerts on certain categories of wanted or missing persons and lost or … Continue reading

CE marked fertilising products [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Didier Bourguignon (2nd edition), Fertilising products are used to improve plant growth, mainly in agriculture, enabling higher crop yields. However, they are associated with some challenges as regards security of supply, the environment and health. Although the 2003 Fertilisers Regulation, which aimed at ensuring an internal market in fertilisers, has been effective, it … Continue reading

Fundamental rights implications of big data [Plenary Podcast]

Written by Shara Monteleone, The development of smart devices connected online and of big data practices, allowing unprecedented availability, sharing and automated use of data, brings both opportunities in terms of efficiency and improvement in our lives and risks for individuals’ fundamental rights. The European Parliament will vote on an own-initiative report on these issues … Continue reading

Gender pay gap

Written by Cristina Cardarelli and Ulla Jurviste, Despite consistent efforts over decades across Europe, according to recent studies today women are still paid on average 16% less than men per hour of work. The gender pay gap (GPG) is the difference between men’s and women’s pay, expressed as a percentage of male earnings. It is … Continue reading

Gender equality: EU challenges and policies [What Think Tanks are thinking]

Written by Marcin Grajewski, Equality between women and men is one of the European Union’s founding values. Under the “Strategic engagement for gender equality 2016-2019” policy plan, the EU seeks to increase female labour-market participation, reduce the gender pay gap, promote equality between women and men in decision-making, fight gender-based violence, and promote gender equality … Continue reading

Women in parliaments

Written by Evarts Anosovs, Eva-Maria Poptcheva, Giulio Sabbati, Martina Prpic and Samy Chahri, Updated on 03/03/2017 The Infographic “Women in parliaments” provides information on the proportion of women in national parliaments, compares representation of women in national parliaments with their numbers in the European Parliament and shows the number of women in the EP by … Continue reading

Challenges for the EU [What Think Tanks are thinking]

Written by Marcin Grajewski, The European Union faces challenges, such as in relation to migration and stagnant economic growth, which test its ability to offer solutions to its citizens. Some politicians and analysts have called for a reform of the EU to shore up popular support for European integration 60 years after the signing of … Continue reading

Better Law-Making in Practice, 2-3 February 2017

Written by Eva Casalprim and Laura Tilindyte, The implementation and the broader implications of the Interinstitutional Agreement on Better Law-Making (which entered into force on 13 April 2016), were a common thread of the joint seminar devoted to better law-making in practice on 2-3 February 2017, jointly organised by the European Parliament’s Legal Service and … Continue reading

Contracts for online and other distance sales of goods [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Rafał Mańko (2nd edition), The Commission proposal for a directive on contracts for online and other distance sales of goods, part of the digital single market strategy, would partly replace the existing Consumer Sales Directive. The Parliament’s rapporteur believes this would create a fragmented legal framework, and that there is a need to … Continue reading

How the EU budget is spent: Justice Programme (2014-2020)

Written by Rafał Mańko, EU law is applied on a daily basis by national judges in the Member States, who rely on assistance from the EU Court of Justice only in the most complicated cases. Judges otherwise interpret and apply EU law on their own. In the European area of freedom, security and justice, national … Continue reading

Latest thinking on Brexit [What Think Tanks are thinking]

Written by Marcin Grajewski, The United Kingdom is preparing to meet the deadline it has set itself of end-March 2017 for launching the formal procedure to leave the European Union. Following a UK Supreme Court ruling, triggering Article 50 of the EU’s Lisbon Treaty now requires that the UK Parliament pass legislation on the matter, … Continue reading

Combating terrorism [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Sofija Voronova (2nd edition), The phenomenon of foreign fighters travelling to conflict zones, mostly in Syria and Iraq, represents a growing threat for the EU and its Member States. Most of the recent terrorist attacks in Europe were perpetrated by ‘home-grown’ terrorists, and at least some of the perpetrators proved to be returned … Continue reading

The EU and migration [What Think Tanks are thinking]

Written by Marcin Grajewski, At their meeting in Malta on 3 February, 2017, EU heads of states and government endorsed further objectives to ease the migratory challenge, with a view to stemming irregular migration flows through the central Mediterranean route. The plan foresees ‘immediate operational measures’ focused on training and supporting the Libyan coastguard in … Continue reading

European Union Agency for Asylum [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Costica Dumbrava (2nd edition), The European Asylum Support Office provides Members States with support in fulfilling their obligations under the Common European Asylum System. Since its establishment in 2010, the support office’s role has been progressively expanded in order to reflect changes in the EU’s legal framework on asylum and to respond to … Continue reading

Civil law rules on robotics [Plenary Podcast]

Written by Rafal Manko, The Legal Affairs (JURI) Committee has tabled a report with recommendations to the Commission on the civil-law and ethical aspects of robotics. The report calls for EU legislation introducing a register of robots, setting up an EU Agency for Robotics and laying down principles of civil liability for damages caused by … Continue reading

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The content of all documents (and articles) contained in this blog is the sole responsibility of the author and any opinions expressed therein do not necessarily represent the official position of the European Parliament. It is addressed to the Members and staff of the EP for their parliamentary work. Reproduction and translation for non-commercial purposes are authorised, provided the source is acknowledged and the European Parliament is given prior notice and sent a copy. Copyright © European Union, 2014. All rights reserved