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Structural and Cohesion Policies

This category contains 379 posts

EFSI and ESI Funds: Complementarity or contradiction?

Written by Vasilis Margaras, Shortly after beginning its 2014-2019 mandate, the European Commission proposed a new investment Plan for Europe, often referred to as the ‘Juncker Plan’. The Investment Plan was seen as a top priority for the European Commission, aimed at strengthening Europe’s competitiveness and stimulating investment in order to create more jobs. It … Continue reading

What can European farming expect from new technologies?

Written by Lieve Van Woensel with James Tarlton, How will information technology revolutionise agriculture in the 21st century? That is the question investigated by a recently published study on ‘Precision Agriculture and the Future of Farming in Europe’, which was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Science and Technology Options Assessment (STOA) Panel. The lead panel … Continue reading

Plant health legislation: Protective measures against plant pests [EU Legislation in Progress]

Following an evaluation of the European Union’s plant health regime, on 6 May 2013 the European Commission proposed a new regulation on protective measures against plant pests. These include regulating pests on the basis of established criteria for risk assessment and prioritising those pests with the most serious consequences. Continue reading

Financial instruments in cohesion policy

Written by Agnieszka Widuto, The use of financial instruments in cohesion policy is increasing, as they are considered a resource-efficient way of using public funding. They provide support for investment in the form of loans, guarantees, equity and other risk-sharing mechanisms. In the 2014-2020 programming period, financial instruments can be applied in all thematic areas … Continue reading

European Strategy for Low-Emission Mobility

Written by Balazs Hopp, In 2014 the EU agreed to a clear commitment : to collectively reduce greenhouse gas emissions of at least 40% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels across all sectors of the economy. As transport is responsible for 33% of final energy consumption and 23% of total EU emissions, the transition to low-emission … Continue reading

Rural areas and poverty

Written by Ana Martinez Juan, A definition… When it comes to poverty, one of the key issues is defining what it means and how it can be measured. Two types of poverty are generally categorised: absolute or extreme poverty, that identifies the number of people below a fixed real poverty threshold (euros/person/day) and relative poverty, … Continue reading

CAP policy instruments: Issues and challenges for EU agricultural policy [Policy Podcast]

Written by James McEldowney, Over the years, the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has been subject to several reforms. Often described as being incremental in nature, these reforms have progressively resulted in significant changes in both the orientation and architecture of the CAP. Key changes have included a reorientation away from price support towards income support … Continue reading

The Fourth Railway package [Policy Podcast]

Written by Damiano Scordamaglia, Put forward by the European Commission in 2013, the fourth railway package comprises six legislative proposals to enhance the efficiency and competitiveness of rail across the European Union. It aims to remove the remaining institutional, legal and technical obstacles, and create a truly integrated European Railway Area. The legislative process on … Continue reading

Deep-sea fisheries in the north-east Atlantic [Plenary Podcast]

Written by Jean Weissenberger, Deep-sea species and marine ecosystems are particularly sensitive to human activities. The European Parliament is now to finalise the adoption of a regulation aimed at sustainable deep-sea fishing activities, while freezing their zonal footprint and protecting vulnerable deep-sea ecosystems. This regulation is the outcome of lengthy negotiations between the EP and … Continue reading

Market access to port services [Plenary Podcast]

Written by Marketa Pape, To improve commercial efficiency and increase the financial transparency of the major EU seaports, the European Commission proposed a new regulation in 2013. Following agreement with the Council in trilogue the new regulation is now to be voted in plenary in December. In contrast to previous, rejected proposals on ports, this … Continue reading

What if electric cars became an affordable and convenient way to travel? [Science and Technology Podcast]

Written by Christian Kurrer with James Tarlton, Are electric cars on the verge of becoming the norm, should we encourage this transition, and what would be the consequences for the environment, the automobile industry and our electricity grid? Over the past century, cars have become an integral part of our society. They generally offer greater … Continue reading

The liberalisation of EU port services [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Ivana Katsarova and Marketa Pape (5th edition) Serving as access points to Europe, the European Union’s approximately 1 200 seaports are crucial both for its transport sector and its competitiveness. They also have significant potential for creating jobs and attracting investors. The European Commission plans to redress the huge disparities in performance levels by modernising … Continue reading

How the EU budget is spent: EU Aid Volunteers initiative

Written by Alina Dobreva with Philipp Wegner, Volunteering brings practical relief to communities hit by natural or man-made disasters. It also raises volunteers’ awareness and strengthens their sense of solidarity with victims, and helps them to acquire professional skills and experience. The EU Aid Volunteers initiative (EUAV) promotes volunteering among young Europeans, breaking down the … Continue reading

Revision of the Europass framework [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Monika Kiss (1st edition), With more than 60 million CVs created, the Europass framework is the best known European initiative for documenting skills, qualifications and professional experience. Despite having undergone several improvements since its launch, major challenges remain regarding its tools and services due to recent technical, educational and labour market developments. The … Continue reading

Recognition of professional qualifications in inland navigation [EU Legislation In Progress]

Written by Marketa Pape (3rd edition), While inland navigation is a cost-effective and environmentally friendly mode of transport, it is not used to its full capacity. Apart from the need for significant infrastructure improvements, the sector is affected by limited labour mobility and shortage of qualified workers. To enhance labour mobility, the European Commission proposes … Continue reading

How the EU budget is spent: Erasmus+

Written by Sidonia Mazur, Denise Chircop; Graphics by Christian Dietrich. Erasmus+ is the European Union’s single programme encompassing action in the fields of education, training, youth and sport for the years 2014-2020 with a financial envelope just below €15 000 million. Erasmus+ comes under the budgetary heading ‘Smart and Inclusive Growth’. The programme finances learning mobility for … Continue reading

Road safety in the EU

Written by Ariane Debyser , Graphics by Giulio Sabati, Between 1991 and 2014, and especially after 2000, the EU witnessed substantial improvements in terms of road safety, whether measured in terms of fatalities, accidents or injuries. Over a shorter period, between 2001 and 2010, the number of deaths on EU roads decreased by 43 %, and by … Continue reading

Transposing international measures for Atlantic tuna fisheries into EU law [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Jean Weissenberger (1st edition), On 17 June 2016, the European Commission tabled a proposal for a regulation to cover the conservation of tuna and tuna-like species as well as the management and control of fisheries targeting these stocks in the Atlantic Ocean (including adjacent seas such as the Mediterranean). This proposal aims to … Continue reading

LUX Prize – Ten years of support for EU cinema

Written by Ivana Katsarova, This year Parliament marks the 10th anniversary of one of its best known cultural initiatives – the LUX Film Prize – awarded annually by the institution since 2007. Over the last 10 years, the prize has contributed to the promotion of 100 films, supporting the dissemination of European (co)productions in a … Continue reading

Places in Brussels of symbolic significance for Europe

Written by Philippe Perchoc, with the support of the European Parliament Historical Archives, Although Brussels is often referred to as the de facto ‘capital of Europe’, the Dutch architect Rem Koolhaas has argued that the city suffers from an ‘iconographic deficit’, because the way the space is organised, together with the architecture of EU buildings … Continue reading

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The content of all documents (and articles) contained in this blog is the sole responsibility of the author and any opinions expressed therein do not necessarily represent the official position of the European Parliament. It is addressed to the Members and staff of the EP for their parliamentary work. Reproduction and translation for non-commercial purposes are authorised, provided the source is acknowledged and the European Parliament is given prior notice and sent a copy. Copyright © European Union, 2014. All rights reserved