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This category contains 1610 posts

The cost of banking – Recent trends in capital requirements

Written by Andrej Stuchlik As the European Banking Authority gets set to release the results of the latest stress tests on 51 major EU banks, EPRS looks at the developing rules on capital requirements for financial institutions in the EU. Capital and liquidity requirements are provisions to make banking activities safer through measures to cover … Continue reading

The European Council in 2015

Written by Suzana Elena Anghel, Izabela Cristina Bacian, Ralf Drachenberg and Susanna Tenhunen Designed to be the first in a series of annual publications, this In-Depth Analysis by the European Council Oversight Unit of the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) examines in detail the activity of the European Council in 2015, in all of the … Continue reading

Public opinion and EU foreign policies: exploring the expectations gap

Written by Clare Ferguson, A recent Eurobarometer survey looked at the perceptions and expectations of Europeans regarding EU action, including the foreign policy, and global promotion of democracy and peace policy fields. The survey, commissioned for the only directly elected European Union institution, the European Parliament, identifies the gaps between citizens’ expectations and EU performance … Continue reading

Public opinion and EU policies: exploring the expectations gap

Written by Clare Ferguson with Alina Dobreva and Eva-Maria Poptcheva, Public opinion is key in any representative democracy, and none more so than the only directly elected European Union institution, the European Parliament. Commissioned for the European Parliament, and published shortly after the United Kingdom referendum vote to leave the European Union, a special Eurobarometer … Continue reading

Freedom of panorama

Written by Helmut Masson and Sarah Watson, Creative works, including buildings, sculptures or street art are, as a matter of principle, subject to copyright protection under EU law. However, Article 5(2)(h) of the 2001 Copyright directive states that Member States may limit copyright for the use of such works located permanently in public places. This … Continue reading

How the EU budget is spent: Common Agricultural Policy

Written by Gianluca Sgueo, Francesco Tropea and Marie-Laure Augere-Granier, With 52% of the European Union (EU) territory classified as predominantly rural, more than 170 million hectares of agricultural land, and 113 million people (nearly one quarter of the EU population) living in rural areas, the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) represents one of the largest shares of expenditure from … Continue reading

Structural reform support programme 2017-2020 [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Agnieszka Widuto (1st edition), Structural reforms have been identified as crucial to accelerating economic recovery, boosting growth and reducing unemployment. In November 2015, the European Commission proposed to establish the Structural Reform Support Programme 2017-2020, to provide Member States with technical assistance in designing and implementing structural reforms, with a budget of €142.8 million … Continue reading

Geo-blocking and discrimination among customers in the EU [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Tambiama Madiega (1st edition), Geo-blocking practices commonly restrict cross-border sales of tangible goods as well as of electronically supplied services and electronically delivered content services in the EU. The Commission has therefore proposed a regulation which would prohibit traders from blocking access to their online interfaces to customers in another Member State or … Continue reading

The inclusion of financial services in EU free trade and association agreements: Effects on money laundering, tax evasion and avoidance

Written by Isabelle Ioannides, The EU has increasingly opened up market opportunities for European business by negotiating trade and association agreements, as well as investment agreements, with key countries. Services, which account for approximately 70% of EU GDP, are an increasingly important part of international trade, especially with the growing role of technology and the … Continue reading

The EU and innovation [What Think Tanks are thinking]

Written by Marcin Grajewski, The European Union has long sought ways to foster innovation, starting with support for research and industrial policies in the 1970s, through action plans in the 1990s and the Lisbon Strategy of 2000, to the Europe 2020 strategy of 2010, now updated by the 10 priorities of European Commission President Jean-Claude … Continue reading

Combating terrorism [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Sofija Voronova (1st edition), The phenomenon of foreign fighters travelling to conflict zones, mostly in Syria and Iraq, represents a growing threat for the EU and its Member States. Most of the recent terrorist attacks in Europe were perpetrated by ‘home-grown’ terrorists, and at least some of the perpetrators proved to be returned … Continue reading

EU-US negotiations on TTIP: State of Play

Written by Laura Puccio, At the conclusion of the 13th round of negotiations on the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP), held in New York in April 2016, discussions between the European Union and the United States had succeeded in covering all of the agreement’s chapters. The 14th round of negotiations takes place in Brussels from … Continue reading

Agriculture in the European Union and United States

Written by Christian Dietrich with Pieter Devuyst, The EU and the USA are currently negotiating the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP), an agreement which could have major consequences for trade in agricultural products. In a document explaining the EU’s TTIP proposal on agriculture , the European Commission said that it is aimed at increasing … Continue reading

US: Economic indicators and trade with the EU

Written by Odile Maisse and Giulio Sabbati (both EPRS), In cooperation with Laura Bartolini (from GlobalStat | EUI), Amid an intense public debate on Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) talks, this Infographic provides you with essential data on trade between the world’s 2 largest economies. This product was jointly produced by EPRS and the … Continue reading

Cross-border parcel delivery services [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Jana Valant (1st edition), High prices and the inconvenience of cross-border parcel delivery have been identified as being among the main obstacles to a bigger uptake of e-commerce among European consumers and retailers. Research shows that current cross-border parcel delivery prices charged by universal service providers can be almost five times higher than … Continue reading

Common rules and new framework for securitisation [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Angelos Delivorias (2nd edition), In autumn 2015, the European Commission proposed, in the context of the Capital Markets Union initiative, a regulation on securitisation. The proposal followed a consultation with stakeholders and took into account initiatives at global (IOSCO) and European levels (EBA). The Commission’s aim is to restore investor confidence in securitisation … Continue reading

Securitisation and capital requirements [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Andrej Stuchlik (2nd edition) As part of its ambition to create a Capital Markets Union, the European Commission wants to revive the securitisation market in the EU, in order to offer new financing tools and ease credit provision, especially for small and medium-sized enterprises. Its ‘securitisation initiative’, set out in a proposed regulation … Continue reading

Imports of Belarusian textile products [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Naja Bentzen (1st edition), In the light of the ‘positive political developments’ in relations between the European Union and the Republic of Belarus – not least due to Belarusian authorities’ release of six political prisoners in August 2015 – the Commission proposes scrapping the existing autonomous quotas on imports of textiles and clothing … Continue reading

Child poverty in the European Union: The crisis and its aftermath

Written by Marie Lecerf, More than one in four children in the European Union (EU) is at risk of poverty or social exclusion. The poverty rate for children is higher than that for any other age group, though it varies widely across Member States. Furthermore, between 2008 and 2014, Europe has witnessed a rise in … Continue reading

European Parliament and Erasmus+

Written by Denise Chircop (Members’ Research Service) and Anna Zygierewicz (Ex-Post Impact Assessment), Erasmus+ was launched in 2014 as a single programme in the field of education, training, youth and sport under the multiannual financial framework (MFF) package for 2014-2020. It brings together previous programmes and introduces sport as a new area of activity. A single … Continue reading

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The content of all documents (and articles) contained in this blog is the sole responsibility of the author and any opinions expressed therein do not necessarily represent the official position of the European Parliament. It is addressed to the Members and staff of the EP for their parliamentary work. Reproduction and translation for non-commercial purposes are authorised, provided the source is acknowledged and the European Parliament is given prior notice and sent a copy. Copyright © European Union, 2014. All rights reserved

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