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This category contains 1854 posts

The future of work in the EU

Written by Monika Kiss, Economic and technical changes are redrawing the map of the world of work: new jobs are appearing while others are becoming obsolete, and atypical work patterns are replacing full-time work and open-ended contracts. In addition, work is increasingly being carried out on online platforms connecting buyers and sellers, or by large … Continue reading

Brexit negotiations [What Think Tanks are thinking]

Written by Marcin Grajewski, The British Prime Minister, Theresa May, has called an early general election on 8 June 2017, arguing that victory for her party would ‘strengthen her hand’ in negotiations on the United Kingdom’s withdrawal from the European Union. In March, her government launched the formal procedure for leaving the Union, by triggering … Continue reading

Understanding the macroeconomic imbalance procedure: Origin, rationale and aims

Written by Christian Scheinert, Both the global financial crisis and the European sovereign debt crisis uncovered a high level of macroeconomic imbalances, which constituted major economic fault-lines, and led to the spread and acceleration of these crises. Imbalances had built up over years, sometimes decades, and correcting them proved to be a long and painful … Continue reading

How the EU budget is spent: Nuclear decommissioning assistance

Written by Gianluca Sgueo and Matthew Parry, In the early 1990s, in the wake of the 1986 Chernobyl disaster, the EU began providing financial and technical assistance to partner countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia via the TACIS and PHARE programmes. In 1999, the EU launched three nuclear decommissioning assistance programmes (NDAP) specifically to … Continue reading

The New European Consensus on Development

Written by Marta Latek and Anne Vernet, On 12 May 2016, the Foreign Affairs Council decided to formally launch the review of EU development policy mainly to adapt and update the EU’s development policy to reflect the universally applicable and broad in scope, new UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), but also to reinforce aspects such … Continue reading

EU support for education: Improving young people’s chances on the job market

Written by Christian Salm and Cornelia Klugman, The EU’s ERASMUS+ programme is investing €14.7 billion in education (2014-2019). ERASMUS+ will enable 4 million young Europeans to study or learn abroad. Experience abroad increases young people’s chances on the job market and reduces their risk of unemployment. Support for education, training and youth in Europe School … Continue reading

Galileo and Copernicus – EU flagship space programmes

Written by Vincent Reillon, The EU space programmes for satellite navigation – Galileo – and earth observation – Copernicus – were both launched at the end of the 1990s. While the programmes have suffered significant delays and cost overruns, they have always benefited from a strong support from the European Parliament and the other EU … Continue reading

Revision of the Europass framework [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Monika Kiss (2nd edition), With more than 60 million CVs created, the Europass framework is the best known European initiative for documenting skills, qualifications and professional experience. Despite having undergone several improvements since its launch, major challenges remain regarding its tools and services due to recent technical, educational and labour market developments. The … Continue reading

The European Union at 60 [What Think Tanks are thinking]

Written by Marcin Grajewski, Heads of State or Government of the EU-27 marked the 60th anniversary of the European Union’s founding Treaty of Rome on 25 March 2017, with pledges to seek closer unity, improve internal and external security, boost economic growth and employment, reduce social inequalities and bolster the bloc’s global role. Their Rome … Continue reading

International Roma Day

Written by Anita Orav, Since 1990, 8 April has been marked every year as International Roma Day, providing an opportunity both to discuss the situation of Roma, and to celebrate Romani culture. Roma population in Europe With an estimated population of 10 to 12 million, the Roma are the largest ethnic minority in Europe. Around … Continue reading

Understanding ‘development effectiveness’: An overview of concepts, actors and tools

Written by Eric Pichon, In the context of the limited availability of development aid, there is increased demand for effective results. This means that both developed and developing countries must commit to spending and using aid more effectively. Public funding is not enough to cover all needs, but can leverage initiatives from civil society or … Continue reading

Charging infrastructure for electric vehicles

Written by Marketa Pape with Amalie Bjornavold, As most of the energy used for transport in the EU is dependent on oil, facilitating the transition to low-emission mobility is key to reducing greenhouse gas emissions to 40 % below 1990 levels by 2030. Although electric vehicles (EVs) are making inroads into the European automotive fleet, … Continue reading

Post-2020 reform of the EU Emissions Trading System [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Gregor Erbach (6th edition), In July 2015, the European Commission proposed a reform of the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) for the period 2021-2030, following the guidance set by the October 2014 European Council. The proposed directive introduces a new limit on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the ETS sector to achieve the … Continue reading

Common consolidated corporate tax base (CCCTB) [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Gustaf Gimdal (1st edition), The European Commission has decided to re-launch the common consolidated corporate tax base (CCCTB) project in a two-step approach, with the publication on 25 October 2016 of two new interconnected proposals: on a common corporate tax base (CCTB), and on a common consolidated corporate tax base (CCCTB). The 2011 CCCTB proposal … Continue reading

Motor vehicles: New approval and market surveillance rules [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Didier Bourguignon (4th edition), The automotive industry is a major player in the European economy, accounting for 6.4% of gross domestic product and 2.3 million jobs in the European Union (EU). In September 2015, the Volkswagen (VW) case highlighted weaknesses in the implementation of type-approval rules for motor vehicles in the European Union, … Continue reading

Mexico: Economic indicators and trade with EU

Written by Enrique Gómez Ramírez and Giulio Sabbati (both EPRS), In cooperation with Caterina Francesca Guidi (from GlobalStat | EUI), Mexico’s economy is the 14th largest in the world (in terms of GDP) and the second largest in Latin America, after Brazil. It is currently classified as an upper middle-income economy by the World Bank, … Continue reading

Amending capital requirements: The ‘CRD-V package’ [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Andrej Stuchlik (1st edition), Despite significant progress since the financial crisis of 2007-2008, the overhaul of the financial regulatory framework remains a European Commission priority. The existing Capital Requirements Directive and Regulation (the ‘CRD-IV package’) set the prudential framework for financial institutions operating in the EU. The proposed amendments to the package implement … Continue reading

How Congress and President shape US foreign policy

Written by Micaela Del Monte and Elena Lazarou, The United States Constitution regulates the conduct of American foreign policy through a system of checks and balances. The Constitution provides both Congress and the President, as the legislative and executive branches respectively, with the legal authority to shape relations with foreign nations. It recognises that only … Continue reading

‘Fake news’ and the EU’s response

Written by Naja Bentzen, Graphics by Christian Dietrich. Fake news – deliberately fabricated stories posing as journalism with the aim of manipulating readers – became an increasingly visible global phenomenon during last year’s presidential election campaign in the United States, not least due to the growing use of social media as a source for news. … Continue reading

What if we were to build skyscrapers from wood? [Science and Technology Podcast]

Written by Christian Kurrer, Can new technologies contribute to a revival of wood as a source for biomass and construction material, and play a leading role in the fight against climate change? Wood has been part of human civilisation for many thousands of years, playing a key role as fuel or construction material, as well … Continue reading

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The content of all documents (and articles) contained in this blog is the sole responsibility of the author and any opinions expressed therein do not necessarily represent the official position of the European Parliament. It is addressed to the Members and staff of the EP for their parliamentary work. Reproduction and translation for non-commercial purposes are authorised, provided the source is acknowledged and the European Parliament is given prior notice and sent a copy. Copyright © European Union, 2014. All rights reserved