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Members' Research Service

Members' Research Service has written 863 posts for European Parliamentary Research Service Blog

UK withdrawal from the European Union: Legal and procedural issues

Written by Jesús Carmona, Carmen-Cristina Cîrlig and Gianluca Sgueo, On 29 March 2017, the United Kingdom (UK) is expected to give formal notification of its intention to leave the European Union (EU), following the recent adoption of an Act of Parliament authorising the British government to take this important step. The notification follows nine months … Continue reading

EU certification of aviation security screening equipment [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Ariane Debyser (1st edition), On 7 September 2016, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation establishing a certification system for aviation security screening equipment. The proposal seeks ‘to contribute to the proper functioning of the EU internal market and to increase the global competitiveness of the EU industry by establishing an … Continue reading

Mapping the future of Syria: State of play and options

Written by Patryk Pawlak, Despite the humanitarian and security crisis, progress towards a United Nations (UN) negotiated political settlement of the conflict has been slow, mostly on account of disagreement over President Bashar al-Assad’s future. The adoption of UN Security Council Resolution 2254 on 18 December 2015 – setting out a roadmap for a peace … Continue reading

What future for global trade?

Written by Krisztina Binder, Worldwide, countries are facing major international trade challenges. Trade policy was at the forefront of the 2016 United States presidential campaign, and the new US administration’s approach leans toward global trade restriction. Protectionist pressures, not to mention concerns regarding the potential effects of Brexit, are increasing on the world stage. Against … Continue reading

Towards low-emission EU mobility

Written by Marketa Pape, While EU transport systems provide the mobility European society needs, they also create severe environmental pressures and are responsible for a quarter of EU greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Transport activity is expected to grow still further and become the largest source of EU GHG emissions after 2030. Meanwhile, the EU has … Continue reading

Spirit drinks: Definition, labelling and geographical indications [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Tarja Laaninen (1st edition), In December 2016, the European Commission proposed to replace Regulation (EC) No 110/2008 – the Spirit Drinks Regulation – with a new one, with the aim of aligning it with the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). The proposal mainly involves grouping the provisions adopted by the … Continue reading

Understanding social dumping in the European Union

Written by Monika Kiss, Although a recurring term in discussions related to working mobility, wages and the social security of workers, social dumping has neither a generally accepted definition, nor easily definable limits. It is rather a set of practices on an international, national or inter-corporate level, aimed at gaining an advantage over competitors, which … Continue reading

Hybrid mismatches with third countries [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Cécile Remeur (1st edition), Hybrid mismatch is a situation where a cross-border activity is treated differently for tax purposes by the countries involved, resulting in favourable tax treatment. Hybrid mismatches are used as aggressive tax planning structures, which in turn trigger policy reactions to neutralise their tax effects. When adopting the Anti-Tax Avoidance … Continue reading

Structural reform support programme 2017-2020 [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Agnieszka Widuto (3rd edition), Structural reforms have been identified as crucial to accelerating economic recovery, boosting growth and reducing unemployment. In November 2015, the European Commission proposed to establish the Structural Reform Support Programme 2017-2020, to provide Member States with technical assistance in designing and implementing structural reforms. The proposed budget is €142.8 million, … Continue reading

Multiannual plan for small pelagic fish stocks in the Adriatic Sea [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Jean Weissenberger (1st edition), The European Commission tabled, on 24 February 2017, a proposal for a regulation establishing a multiannual plan to manage fisheries of small pelagic fish stocks (anchovy and sardine) in the Adriatic Sea. These stocks, which are in a poor state, are exploited mainly by Italian and Croatian fishing vessels. The European … Continue reading

Risk-preparedness in the electricity sector [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Gregor Erbach (1st edition), On 30 November 2016, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation on risk-preparedness in the electricity sector. This proposal addresses shortcomings in the existing legislation, notably a lack of regional coordination, and differing national rules and procedures. It would replace the existing legislation, and establish common rules … Continue reading

EU support for social entrepreneurs

Written by Agnieszka Widuto, Social enterprises combine social goals with entrepreneurial activity. They represent a business model focused on having a positive social or environmental impact rather than simply making profit for shareholders. Social enterprises make a valuable contribution to the economy and society, operating mainly in local communities and covering areas such as education, … Continue reading

Recovery and resolution of central counterparties (CCPs) [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Carla Stamegna (1st edition), In recent years, the role and systemic importance of central counterparties (CCPs) has expanded with the gradual implementation of the obligation to centrally clear liquid and standardised over-the-counter (OTC) derivatives. The relevant EU regulatory framework lays down prudential requirements for CCPs, as well as requirements regarding their operation, oversight … Continue reading

Use of the Schengen Information System for the return of illegally staying third-country nationals [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Costica Dumbrava (1st edition), The Schengen Information System (SIS) is a large-scale information database that supports external border control and law enforcement cooperation in the Schengen states. It enables competent authorities, such as police and border guards, to enter and consult alerts on certain categories of wanted or missing persons and lost or … Continue reading

Revision of the Schengen Information System for border checks [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Costica Dumbrava (1st edition), The Schengen Information System (SIS) is a large-scale information database that supports external border control and law enforcement cooperation in the Schengen states. It enables competent authorities, such as police and border guards, to enter and consult alerts on wanted or missing persons and lost or stolen property. In … Continue reading

2014-2020 Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF): Mid-term revision [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Alessandro D’Alfonso (2nd edition), The Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) sets the maximum level of resources (‘ceiling’) for each major category of EU spending for the years 2014-2020. Based on the compulsory mid-term review of the MFF, the European Commission proposes to modify the flexibility provisions and special instruments of the MFF Regulation. The … Continue reading

Communicating Europe in third countries

Written by Patryk Pawlak, Work on implementing the EU’s global strategy for 2016-2017 includes stepping up public diplomacy efforts as one of the priority areas. A number of factors motivated this move. Firstly, the substantial resources committed for relief and recovery assistance to Syrian refugees and their host communities in neighbouring Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, Turkey … Continue reading

Revision of the Schengen Information System for law enforcement [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Costica Dumbrava (1st edition), The Schengen Information System (SIS) is a large-scale information database that supports external border control and law enforcement cooperation in the Schengen states. It enables competent authorities, such as police and border guards, to enter and consult alerts on certain categories of wanted or missing persons and lost or … Continue reading

Ranking of unsecured debt instruments in insolvency hierarchy [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Angelos Delivorias (1st edition), Following the global financial crisis, the European Union extensively reformed its regulatory framework for financial services. With legislation such as the Bank Recovery and Resolution Directive (BRRD), it ensures that, through mechanisms such as ‘bail-in’, the recovery or restructuring of distressed financial institutions is done without spreading to other … Continue reading

Empowering Women requires Women in Power

Written by Rosamund Shreeves, As the British historian, Mary Beard, highlighted this week, although women now sit alongside men in parliaments and government, powerful women – and the association of women with power – continue to elicit strong, negative reactions. For a telling illustration, Beard cites the use of Greek mythological imagery to depict the … Continue reading

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The content of all documents (and articles) contained in this blog is the sole responsibility of the author and any opinions expressed therein do not necessarily represent the official position of the European Parliament. It is addressed to the Members and staff of the EP for their parliamentary work. Reproduction and translation for non-commercial purposes are authorised, provided the source is acknowledged and the European Parliament is given prior notice and sent a copy. Copyright © European Union, 2014. All rights reserved