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EU-Balkan countries relations

This tag is associated with 9 posts

Western Balkans: the rocky road to enlargement

How can enlargement of the European Union remain a realistic, merit-based and politically credible exercise, when some Member States are unwilling to move forward with concrete steps, such as opening negotiation talks? This was the key question at the heart of the European Parliamentary Research Service policy roundtable held on Tuesday, 28 January 2020, which gathered over 120  participants, including Members of the European Parliament, experts and think-tankers.  Continue reading

2016 Enlargement package: Prospects for the Western Balkans

Written by Velina Lilyanova, In November 2016, the European Commission presented its annual enlargement package, consisting of a communication that takes stock of the implementation of the 2015 multiannual strategy and a set of reports on the Western Balkan countries and on Turkey in their capacity of candidates or potential candidates for EU membership. Since 2015, … Continue reading

The EU and Western Balkans [What Think Tanks are Thinking]

This note offers links to recent commentaries, studies and reports on the topic from major international think tanks on EU links with Western Balkans and the political and economic situation of the countries in the region. More publications on the EU enlargement can be found in a previous edition of ‘What Think Tanks are Thinking.’ Continue reading

The Western Balkans and the EU: Enlargement and challenges

The challenges ahead of the EU and the current candidate, and potential candidate, countries – Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo, Montenegro and Serbia – are multiple and, to some extent, different compared to the past. First, the EU itself is in a different situation. In 2014, the European Commission’s newly elected president announced a five-year halt to enlargement. In June 2016, the UK voted to leave the EU, an event unprecedented in Union history. Continue reading

Bosnia 2013 Census

The 2013 census in BiH did not start off well. The Bosnian political parties could not agree for many years whether to call for the census or not. The main issue was the return of refugees to pre-war homes, as foreseen by Annex 7 of the 1995 Dayton Peace Accords. Continue reading

Serbia: accession negotiations set to start

In its latest progress report on Serbia, the European Commission maintained its April 2013 recommendation that membership negotiations be opened. With the framework for accession talks endorsed by the December European Council, negotiations are expected to start with an intergovernmental conference on 21 January 2014. Background In March 2012, the European Council agreed to grant … Continue reading

Kosovo’s European integration prospects

By agreeing with Serbia on ways to normalise relations, a key demand of the EU, Kosovo took a major step on the path towards the EU in 2013. Kosovo has started negotiations on a Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA) with the EU, with conclusion expected in spring 2014. Improved relations with Serbia On 19 April … Continue reading

Republika Srpska

Republika Srpska  The Dayton Peace Agreement modified the structure of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It created two entities – the Federation of BiH  (51% of the territory, predominantly inhabited by Bosniaks, but also by Bosnian Croats) and the Republika Srpska (49% of the territory, with a majority of Bosnian Serbs) – as well as the Brcko District, which is a self-governing unit under the jurisdiction of … Continue reading

Croats in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnian Croats, the smallest of the country’s three main communities, complain of a lack of political power. Many left Bosnia during the war and a majority settled in Croatia. In what is now Republika Srpska,  only 5-10% are thought to have returned. Several estimates have been made, that range from 434 000 to 570 000, significantly less than in 1991 census when there were 760 000. In October 2013, … Continue reading

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