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VIncent Reillon

This tag is associated with 20 posts

3 Key Questions on Nuclear applications and ballistic missiles

Listen for just three minutes to learn about the essentials of nuclear applications and ballistic missiles in the light of recent developments – with our Policy Analyst Vincent Reillon answering three key questions. Continue reading

Adapting to new digital realities: Main issues and policy responses

Digital technologies have changed the way we live and transformed the world around us at unprecedented speed. They have affected all important aspects of life, both at work and at home, and have influenced almost everything from human relations to the economy, to the extent that access to the internet has now become a basic human right recognised by the United Nations. Continue reading

European high-performance computing joint undertaking [EU Legislation in Progress]

Following a declaration made by seven EU Member States in March 2017, the European Commission adopted a proposal to establish a joint undertaking for high-performance computing (HPC) under Article 187 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) on 11 January 2018. Continue reading

Understanding nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles

Nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles need to be understood if the risks and challenges they entail are to be grasped. This understanding starts with two processes discovered in the last century – nuclear fission and nuclear fusion – that have the ability to release a significant quantity of energy from a very limited amount of matter. Continue reading

Understanding artificial intelligence [Policy podcast]

Artificial intelligence (AI) systems already permeate daily life: they drive cars, decide on mortgage applications, translate texts, recognise faces on social networks, identify spam emails, create artworks, play games, and intervene in conflict zones. Continue reading

Understanding nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles

Nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles need to be understood if the risks and challenges they entail are to be grasped. This understanding starts with two processes discovered in the last century – nuclear fission and nuclear fusion – that have the ability to release a significant quantity of energy from a very limited amount of matter. Continue reading

Partnership for Research and Innovation in the Mediterranean Area (PRIMA) [EU Legislation in Progress]

Following a request made by nine Member States in December 2014, on 18 October 2016 the European Commission adopted a proposal to establish a new public-public Partnership for Research and Innovation in the Mediterranean Area (PRIMA) under Article 185 TFEU. Continue reading

EU public private partnerships in research

Written by Vincent Reillon, Around 70 EU public-private partnerships (PPPs) in research help define common priorities and visions for EU, national and regional research and innovation activities. Six different types of PPPs now exist. They were first set up in the context of the development of European Research Area policy in 2003 with two main … Continue reading

Galileo and Copernicus – EU flagship space programmes

Written by Vincent Reillon, The EU space programmes for satellite navigation – Galileo – and earth observation – Copernicus – were both launched at the end of the 1990s. While the programmes have suffered significant delays and cost overruns, they have always benefited from a strong support from the European Parliament and the other EU … Continue reading

European space policy; Historical perspective, specific aspects and key challenges

Written by Vincent Reillon, In the 1950s, development of the space sector in Europe was limited to investments made by individual Member States (France, Italy, the United Kingdom). The failure of the first European partnerships in space activities in the 1960s led to the establishment of the European Space Agency (ESA), an intergovernmental institution, in … Continue reading

EU space policy: Industry, security and defence

Written by Vincent Reillon and Patryk Pawlak, Autonomous space capabilities play a key role for in enhancing situational awareness, response to complex crises (natural disasters), management of natural resources (water, forests), delivery of services (health, energy, transport, communication, weather forecasting), and national security. With an increasing number of countries gaining access to outer space, the … Continue reading

Public-public partnerships in research

Written by Vincent Reillon, Since 1974, the objective of coordinating national research policies to create a pan-European research system has been at the heart of European research policy. However, despite a long history of efforts to coordinate research policy throughout the EU, barriers remain at Member State level. In 2000, the launch of the European … Continue reading

Scientific advice for policy-makers in the European Union [Policy Podcast]

Scientific knowledge has become a key element in the policy-making process, alongside societal values and political considerations. As a consequence, stronger science advice systems have been developed to provide timely and useful scientific advice to policy-makers in both legislative and executive bodies. Continue reading

Innovation policy mix: can we get it right in Europe?

Written by Vincent Reillon, In the last decade, innovation has been seen at the EU level as a key process in order to achieve the objectives of economic, sustainable and inclusive growth. Strategies, policies and instruments have been developed mainly by the European Commission in order to support all the activities of the innovation process. … Continue reading

EU space policy: Industry, security and defence [Plenary Podcast]

Written by Vincent Reillon and Patryk Pawlak, Autonomous space capabilities play a key role for in enhancing situational awareness, response to complex crises (natural disasters), management of natural resources (water, forests), delivery of services (health, energy, transport, communication, weather forecasting), and national security. With an increasing number of countries gaining access to outer space, the … Continue reading

The European Research Area in a nutshell

Written by VIncent Reillon, Thomas Zandstra and Christian Salm, The European Research Area (ERA) concept has shaped common European policy on research since 2000. However, despite positive developments in creating an integrated research area in Europe with 28 different research systems working together, the implementation of the ERA still faces challenges. Over 40 years after the … Continue reading

The European Research Area: Evolving concept, implementation challenges

Written by Vincent Reillon, In 1972, the Commission proposed the first guidelines for a Community policy on research and innovation with two dimensions: Member State cooperation in tackling common issues, and national research policy coordination. The former dimension was implemented gradually and led to the adoption of the first framework programme for Community research in … Continue reading

Understanding innovation

Written by Vincent Reillon, Innovation can be defined as the adoption of new products, processes, marketing or organisational approaches that create a valuable outcome in terms of financial benefit, wellbeing or efficiency, to name a few. Given its impact on smart, inclusive and sustainable growth, innovation is at the heart of European policies and one … Continue reading

The faces behind the EPRS blog

Written by Richard Freedman, Have you ever wondered who drafts the content of the EPRS blog?  Who are the faces behind the words and images on the blog? Over this holiday period we thought it would be interesting to introduce you to some of the EPRS authors. Our authors write blog pieces based on EPRS … Continue reading

Overview of EU Funds for research and innovation

Written by Vincent Reillon European funding for research activities was envisaged in the first Community Treaties, related to coal and steel and nuclear energy, and was extended in the early 1980s with the establishment of a European framework programme for research. Research policy was subsequently progressively integrated in the Treaties, to become a shared competence … Continue reading

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