civil liberties

This tag is associated with 22 posts

The Cost of Non-Schengen: Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs aspects

This study identifies the costs, of the (temporary) reintroduction of border controls between the Schengen Member States, with a special focus on civil liberties, justice, and home affairs aspects. Continue reading

Judicial review of EU sanctions

The EU can adopt restrictive measures – popularly known as sanctions – in three different situations. It implements all sanctions imposed by the UN; it may reinforce UN sanctions by applying stricter and additional measures, and third, the EU may decide to impose autonomous sanctions in other cases. Sanctions may include travel bans, asset freezes … Continue reading

Asylum and irregular immigration in the EU: state of play

Recent events in the Mediterranean have seen many migrants dying off the shores of Italy, Malta and Spain. Many voices call for a more coherent approach to asylum and irregular immigration in the EU to achieve a balance between the legitimate interests of people seeking security and/or better living conditions, and the need to keep … Continue reading

US Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board : report on FISA and reactions

On 23 January 2014, the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board (PCLOB), published 238 page report on the Telephone Records Program Conducted under Section 215 of the USA PATRIOT Act and on the Operations of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance (FISA) Court. The report contains not only a statutory and constitutional analysis, but also presents recommendations … Continue reading

NSA surveillance of EU citizens

  3 other language versions available in pdf: NSA-Affäre: Was unternimmt das Europäische Parlament? Face à la surveillance par la NSA des citoyens européens, qu’a fait le Parlement européen? Wat heeft het EP gedaan aan het NSA-toezicht op EU-burgers? Citizens have been concerned about the US National Security Agency (NSA) surveillance programmes since they were … Continue reading

Personal data protection package

6 language versions available in PDF format Datenschutzpaket Paquete sobre la protección de datos personales Protection des données à caractère personnel Pacchetto sulla protezione dei dati personali Pakiet dotyczący ochrony danych osobowych Personal data protection package The existing directive on personal data protection was enacted almost two decades ago, at the dawn of the digital … Continue reading

The European Investigation Order

6 language versions available in PDF format Die Europäische Ermittlungsanordnung El exhorto europeo de investigación Décision d’enquête européenne L’ordine europeo d’indagine Europejski nakaz dochodzeniowy The European Investigation Order The proposed directive on the European Investigation Order is aimed at setting up a comprehensive system for obtaining evidence in criminal cases with a cross-border dimension. Whereas … Continue reading

Does online surveillance violate fundamental rights of EU citizens?

In the wake of revelations of large-scale electronic surveillance by the American National Security Agency (NSA), concern has been growing about European participation in surveillance of EU citizens. According to studies conducted by the Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS), EU intelligence services often cooperate with the NSA and conduct their own legally questionable surveillance. On 4 July … Continue reading

Breach of EU values by a Member State

The European Union is founded on values common to all Member States (MS). These are supposed to ensure a level of homogeneity among MS, while respecting their national identities, so facilitating the development of a European identity and the integration process. Article 7 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) provides mechanisms to enforce EU … Continue reading

Control of drug precursors in the EU

Trade in drug precursors is subject to strict controls at both international and EU level. Illicit drug producers manage however to “divert” these substances from legal trade, or replace them with substitutes, not yet controlled. Legislators try to keep pace with these developments, as illustrated by the recent Commission proposals to amend the 2004 and … Continue reading

Implementing the EU internal security strategy

Within the area of freedom, security and justice, the EU needs to ensure the balance between civil liberties and a high level of security. In March 2010, the European Council approved the EU internal security strategy (ISS). The Commission’s agenda for implementing the ISS concludes in 2014, and therefore discussions on the strategy beyond 2014 … Continue reading

Using ‘scoreboards’ to assess justice systems

The European Commission published the first edition of the EU Justice Scoreboard in March 2013, a document assessing the quality of the justice systems in the Member States. The Commission’s initiative falls within a broader set of reports and indicators aimed at evaluating justice systems and the rule of law. Background Numerical indicators increasingly have … Continue reading

Technology and Schengen Governance

On the 21 March 2013 the LIBE Committee organised a hearing on Schengen Governance and Border Management with the aim of presenting the state of play and latest developments, with a particular eye to the switch-on of the revised Schengen Information System (SIS II) scheduled for the 9 April 2013. Biometric passports The pursuit of … Continue reading

L’Outre-mer : un état d’exception

Il y a, aujourd’hui encore, des territoires français (Guyane, Mayotte, Martinique..) où l’on enferme et expulse personnes et enfants venus des pays voisins,  en dépit des principes et valeurs fondamentales européennes. Dans ces territoires d’outre mer, un droit d’exception est habituellement appliqué aux étrangers au nom d’une perpétuelle “situation particulière”. Mesures d’exécution L’existence d’un recours … Continue reading

Same-sex unions in the EU

At the moment of writing, six EU countries allow same-sex couples to marry, these being the Netherlands (since 2001), Belgium (2003) Spain (2005), Sweden (2009) Portugal (2010), and Denmark (2012). Luxembourg and France are planning to introduce a gender neutral marriage in the near future. In these two countries, same-sex couples have been already legally … Continue reading

Assessing fundamental rights in the European Union

6 language versions available in PDF format Bewertung von Grundrechten in der Europäischen Union Evaluación de los derechos fundamentales en la UE Évaluation des droits fondamentaux dans l’Union européenne Valutazione dei diritti fondamentali nell’Unione europea Ocena przestrzegania praw podstawowych w Unii Europejskiej Assessing fundamental rights in the European Union Since 1993, the European Parliament has … Continue reading

Transfer of asylum-seekers and fundamental rights

The EU asylum system, and in particular the Dublin regime, has come under criticism in recent years. Member States (MS), as well as NGOs, claim that transferring asylum-seekers to the MS responsible for examining their application under the rules of the Dublin II Regulation overloads the asylum systems of some MS, resulting in violations of … Continue reading

Revising the Data Retention framework

6 language versions available Überarbeitung des Rahmens für die Vorratsspeicherung von Daten Revisión del marco de conservación de datos Révision du cadre régissant la conservation des données Revisione del quadro sulla conservazione dei dati Przegląd ram dotyczących zatrzymywania danych The retention of data for the purpose of investigating and prosecuting serious crime is currently governed … Continue reading

Clean IT: the new ACTA?

The Project The aim of the Clean IT project is to reduce the use of the Internet by terrorist organisations by introducing self-regulatory measures and “best practices” for Internet companies and governments. The project was launched in May 2011 by the governments of the Netherlands, Germany, Spain, the UK and Belgium and was joined later … Continue reading

Les mineurs non accompagnés dans l’UE

Les statistiques étant lacunai-res, la dimension exacte du phénomène des mineurs non accompagnés dans l’UE demeure inconnue. D’après les données existantes, le problème semble prendre de l’ampleur. Tous les États membres sont concernés. Arrivant en Europe pour des motivations diverses, ces mineurs représentent un groupe particulière-ment vulnérable. Ils sont des enfants et des migrants à … Continue reading

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