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EU history

This tag is associated with 21 posts

The political impact of the European Parliament in the 1980s

Written by Christian Salm, Research on the history of the EU has mainly covered the impact of the nation states and their governments on the European integration process. Consequently, historical research on the role of the EU’s supranational institutions has been neglected. There are only a few exceptions where historical studies reconstruct the influence of … Continue reading

The European Union at 60 [What Think Tanks are thinking]

Written by Marcin Grajewski, Heads of State or Government of the EU-27 marked the 60th anniversary of the European Union’s founding Treaty of Rome on 25 March 2017, with pledges to seek closer unity, improve internal and external security, boost economic growth and employment, reduce social inequalities and bolster the bloc’s global role. Their Rome … Continue reading

Impact of the ECSC Common Assembly on the politics, negotiation and content of the Rome Treaties

Written by Christian Salm, As the historical framework for the present-day European Union (EU), the Treaties of Rome, signed in March 1957 and establishing the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom), are among the most important treaties of the European integration process. The failure to set up a … Continue reading

1976 Electoral Act 40 years on: History and significance for European democracy today

Written by Wilhelm Lehmann, On 7 December, the European Parliament and the European University Institute held a joint history roundtable on the occasion of the 40 year anniversary of the 1976 Electoral Act, which introduced direct elections to the European Parliament. The event, organised by the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, took place in … Continue reading

Places in Brussels of symbolic significance for Europe

Although Brussels is often referred to as the de facto ‘capital of Europe’, the Dutch architect Rem Koolhaas has argued that the city suffers from an ‘iconographic deficit’, because the way the space is organised, together with the architecture of EU buildings is insufficiently distinctive to be particularly memorable. Continue reading

The role of Altiero Spinelli on the path towards European Union

On 14 February 1984, the European Parliament debated and adopted the draft ‘Treaty establishing the European Union’.Now, 30 years on, Spinelli and the draft treaty he championed are considered to be key elements in the European Union’s integration process. Continue reading

Happy Birthday European Union: Europe Day, 9 May

Written by Clare Ferguson, On 9 May, we celebrate Europe’s advances in peace, reconciliation, democracy and human rights. The day commemorates the Schuman Declaration, which set up the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), presented by French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman in 1950. In 2016, therefore, we celebrate the 66th anniversary of the birth of the … Continue reading

The 1995 enlargement of the European Union: The accession of Finland and Sweden

Written by Edward Whitfield, This year, Finland and Sweden celebrate the 20th anniversary of their accession to the European Union, as does Austria. This study is an examination of the events that surrounded this enlargement from the specific viewpoint of the first two countries, both Nordic states. The examination takes into account the relevant pressures … Continue reading

The Historical Archives: European Union history and European Parliament history

Written by Isabel Saavedra As official record keeper of the European Parliament, the Historical Archives hold a wealth of historical documents spanning from the creation of the European Coal and Steel Community Assembly in 1952, to the present. These documents include official EP texts (adopted reports and resolutions, parliamentary questions, and debates), and also the … Continue reading

History of budgetary powers in the EU. Part I: European Coal and Steel Community 1952-2002

Written by Alfredo De Feo This study, the first part of a wider analysis on the European Parliament’s role in EU budgetary powers, traces the very first phase of interinstitutional relations in the framework of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC). The study is part of a joint research project between the European University … Continue reading

One Hundred Books on Europe to Remember

Written by Clare Ferguson On Tuesday, 3 March, the EPRS Library will hold a special event to introduce its dedicated website on ‘100 Books on Europe to Remember‘. The roundtable discussion on the rich intellectual heritage available to Europeans today will examine the intellectual legacy of the many influential figures who have shaped the process … Continue reading

Historical Archives of the European Parliament

Many people think that archives are all about dust and old papers. At the Historical Archives of the European Parliament things are a little different. The Historical Archives of the EP manage and preserve official documents and other archival material which reflect the history and activities of the Parliament, dating back to 1952. The Archives … Continue reading

The first hemicycle of the European Parliament

During its first years of activity, the European Parliament held its plenary sittings in different locations, made available by other Institutions or by the hosting countries. It was only in 1973, with the construction of the Schuman building in Luxembourg, that the European Parliament decided to equip its premises with a hemicycle for its meetings. … Continue reading

Blue and 12 stars. The European Flag

Can you imagine the European Union having another flag and not the current one showing a circle of 12 golden stars against a blue background? It seems that in the 1960’s a lot of people actually imagined the emblem of the Communities in many other ways. In the ’60s The European institutions needed to be … Continue reading

Les archives historiques du Président Plumb

Les Archives historiques du Parlement européen vous permettent de découvrir les documents issus de l’activité des Cabinets des Présidents depuis 1979 et Secrétaires généraux depuis 1952. Nous souhaitons vous présenter dans cet article le fonds d’archives du Cabinet Plumb. Lord Henry PLUMB a été élu député dans le cadre des premières élections directes en 1979 … Continue reading

L’élection de Simone Veil

Simone Veil et les 1ères élections directes du PE En juin 1979 pour la première fois les citoyens des neuf pays membres élisent au suffrage universel direct leurs députés européens. Le scrutin de liste nationale “à la proportionnelle” adopté en France est propice à l’intégration des femmes sur les listes proposées par les partis. Le … Continue reading

Direct European Elections : The history of the right to vote

With this 8th edition of the European elections in 2014, European Union citizens will once more have the opportunity to vote for their representatives in the European Parliament. The first EP elections took place in 1979, but the discussion on the importance of active participation of citizens of the Member States already began in the … Continue reading

Elections Week

It comes as no surprise that this week our blog will focus on the European elections. However, to take a slightly different angle on this hot topic, the EPRS Historical Archives have prepared a number of posts based on the elections of the past. The elections next week will be only the 8th since the … Continue reading

Launch of 100 Books website

The selection of the 100 Books on Europe to Remember was carried out with the aim of presenting an overview of the books that could be considered as landmarks in a European Union historical context. Continue reading

Library event: Lithuania in Europe, and Europe in Lithuania

by Kristina Sabaliauskaité To mark the Lithuanian Presidency we will be holding a talk on 24th of September which will focus on literature, history and arts, but mostly – on Lithuania in Europe, and Europe in Lithuania. Lithuania often prides itself being at the geographical centre of Europe, yet not many Europeans would locate it … Continue reading

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