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Ivana Katsarova

This tag is associated with 29 posts

Teaching careers in the EU: Why boys do not want to be teachers [Policy podcast]

An ageing teacher population, severe teacher shortages, difficulties with retaining younger teachers and a significant gender imbalance in staffing at different levels of education are just some of the serious challenges facing the profession. In the EU, only 7 % of all teachers are under 30 years old, while around 36 % are 50 or older. Continue reading

Multilingualism: The language of the European Union

Some 7 000 languages are spoken globally today. However, half of the world’s population shares just six native languages, and some 90 % of all languages may be replaced by dominant ones by the end of the century. Continue reading

EU sports policy: Going faster, aiming higher, reaching further [Policy podcast]

Sport has a growing impact both on the European Union (EU) economy and on society as a whole. Over 7 million people work in sport-related jobs, and sport-related goods and services amount to nearly 3 % of total EU gross value added. Continue reading

The place of women in European film productions: Fighting the celluloid ceiling

The sexual assault allegations brought against Hollywood producer Harvey Weinstein laid bare the painful reality for scores of women working in the film industry around the world. However, sexual harassment is seemingly just the tip of the iceberg in an industry where gender inequalities relating to biased representation and pay are arguably systematic and pervasive. Continue reading

Remaining ‘united in diversity’ thanks to multilingualism

The diversity underpinning the European project is embodied in the harmonious co-existence of 24 official languages. Following the success of the European Year of Languages (2001), the Council of Europe designated 26 September as the European Day of Languages. Continue reading

Ready, steady, go: European Week of Sport 2018

The low levels of physical activity among both children and adults in the European Union (EU) are alarming, and have become a matter of great concern to policy-makers. Continue reading

Celebrating the European Day of Languages

Following the success of the European Year of Languages (2001), the Council of Europe designated 26 September as the European Day of Languages. Since then, annual celebrations of this day have been held to promote the rich linguistic and cultural diversity of Europe. The European Parliament has consistently acted to support endangered languages and linguistic diversity in the EU, calling on the EU and the Member States to commit resources to their protection and promotion. Continue reading

Sport and physical activity in the European Union

The European Commission launched the European Week of Sport back in 2015, to raise awareness of the role and benefits of sport and physical activity. Since then, nearly 9 million Europeans took part in 33 000 events in the 32 participating countries across Europe. The idea, which originated in a 2011 European Parliament resolution, is an EU-wide initiative, led by the European Commission and implemented at EU, national, regional and local levels. This year’s edition will officially kick off in Tartu (Estonia) on 30 September 2017. Continue reading

Culture in EU-US relations

Written by Ivana Katsarova, North America and Europe dominate the global trade in cultural goods. Together they account for 49 % of exports and 62 % of imports. However, there is a significant cultural divide between the EU and USA, which is reflected in contrasting policy approaches towards culture. Under the 2005 Unesco Convention – not signed … Continue reading

Creating opportunities: The EU and students [Policy Podcast]

Written by Ivana Katsarova, Over one third of the European Union (EU) population – some 170 million citizens – are aged under 30, with half that number under the age of 15 years. Although education policies in the EU are essentially decided and implemented by the individual EU countries, the EU provides sound evidence and analysis to … Continue reading

The Audiovisual Media Services Directive [EU Legislation in Progress]

On 6 June 2018, European Parliament negotiators and the Bulgarian Presidency of the Council agreed on an updated EU Audiovisual Media Services Directive, based on the proposal presented by the Commission on 25 May 2016. Continue reading

State aid in sport: Striking a difficult balance [Policy Podcast]

Written by Ivana Katsarova, Under the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, a measure constitutes state aid if it grants a selective economic advantage to one or more enterprises through state resources, thus distorting or threatening to distort competition. However, not all forms of state aid are prohibited. Indeed, under certain conditions the … Continue reading

Resource efficiency: Reducing food waste, improving food safety [Plenary Podcast]

Written by Ivana Katsarova, As part of its action plan on the circular economy, the EU is aiming to give substance to a more efficient use of resources by reducing food waste and increasing food security. The European Parliament is due to vote in May 2017 on an own-initiative report proposing measures to cut the … Continue reading

The liberalisation of EU port services [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Ivana Katsarova and Marketa Pape (6th edition) Serving as access points to Europe, the European Union’s approximately 1 200 seaports are crucial both for its transport sector and its competitiveness. They also have significant potential for creating jobs and attracting investors. The European Commission plans to redress the huge disparities in performance levels by modernising … Continue reading

LUX Prize – Ten years of support for EU cinema

Written by Ivana Katsarova, This year Parliament marks the 10th anniversary of one of its best known cultural initiatives – the LUX Film Prize – awarded annually by the institution since 2007. Over the last 10 years, the prize has contributed to the promotion of 100 films, supporting the dissemination of European (co)productions in a … Continue reading

Volunteering in the EU [Plenary Podcast]

Written by Ivana Katsarova, Volunteering is a core expression of civic participation. Over the last 20 years, some 100 000 young people have taken part in international volunteering through the European Voluntary Service, thus contributing to sectors as varied and diverse as education, youth, culture, sport, environment, health, social care, consumer protection, humanitarian aid, development policy, … Continue reading

Integration of migrants: The education dimension

Written by Ivana Katsarova, Graphics and maps: Giulio Sabbati, Equipping immigrants with the necessary skills to achieve successful integration is a central preoccupation of policy-makers in the EU and beyond. The integration challenges of migrant students in formal educational systems tend to be essentially related to the three main components of education – access, participation … Continue reading

The fourth railway package: Another step towards a Single European Railway Area

Written by Damiano Scordamaglia with the collaboration of Ivana Katsarova, Railways were the first modern means of transport and the rail network developed considerably across the EU over time. Despite its expansion, when comparing 1995 with 2013, rail’s share has decreased for freight and has remained fairly constant at about 6% for passenger transport. This … Continue reading

The EU’s youth initiatives: Closing the gap between education and employment

Written by Ivana Katsarova, Graphics by Christian Dietrich, Currently nearly 20% of young people (aged 15-24) in the EU-28 are unemployed. This represents one in five young Europeans; and nearly one in two in Spain and Greece, where youth unemployment rates are particularly high. Although the most promising way of providing opportunities for young people … Continue reading

E-Books: Evolving markets and new challenges

Written by Ivana Katsarova With an estimated value of US$151 billion, book publishing gradually evolved into a truly global business early in the 21st century. As yet, however, e-books are nevertheless significant only in a relatively small number of markets. These are led by the United States (13% of the book market) and the United Kingdom … Continue reading

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