EPRS Admin By / June 20, 2013

Effects of migration on population in EU27

Effects of migration on population in EU27: Crude birth and death rate, net migration rates and population.

Effects of migration on population

The first chart shows the crude birth and death rates for the EU, i.e. the historical entity as it evolved through the 1995, 2004 and 2007 enlargements. The first chart shows the crude birth and death rates for the EU, i.e. the historical entity as it evolved through the 1995, 2004 and 2007 enlargements. Crude birth rate gives the number of births per thousand population. Likewise crude death rate equals the number of deaths per thousand population. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
The second chart shows the evolution in net migration rates for the three aggregates EU27 (EU as from 2007), EU15 (EU from 1995 to 2004) and EU10 (i.e. the ten MS which joined the EU in 2004).
The third chart shows the evolution in average population, again for the three aggregates EU27, EU15 and EU10.
The charts in this section show how migration has contributed to keeping the EU population stable over the past three decades despite declining birth rates.


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