Fragile states: INCAF members' current and planned New Deal engagement at country level as of March 2012

In 2009, the International Network on Conflict and Fragility (INCAF) was established as a subsidiary body of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) to promote a whole-of-government approach, ensuring policy coherence between security and development policies.
In November 2011, at the Fourth High-level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Busan, South Korea, more than 40 countries, including the g7+, and international organisations – the African Development Bank, the African Union, the Asian Development Bank, the EU, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the OECD, the UN, and the World Bank – endorsed the New Deal for engagement in fragile states. Non-traditional donors like China and Brazil have not signed up to the New Deal, as they seem to consider it an overly OECD-linked process.
The New Deal features an innovative approach to engaging with fragile and conflict-affected countries. It commits fragile states and international partners to:
1) focus on “different things”, i.e. on the achievement of the PSGs, and to
2) “do things differently”, by giving preference to country-owned and country-led tools (fragility assessments, country compacts and country-specific fragility indicators to measure progress) and commitments (use of country systems to channel aid).
The New Deal comprises three intercon-nected pillars. The first lists the PSGs, the second (FOCUS) outlines the process needed to achieve the PSGs, and the third (TRUST) sets out the commitment of donors and recipient countries to build trust.