EPRS Admin By / June 19, 2014

EU energy dependency rate and net imports, 2012

EU energy dependency rate and net imports, 2012

EU energy dependency rate and net imports, 2012

The table shows the EU energy dependency rate and net imports. The first column with the bar chart (in dark blue) represents the dependency rate for all products. The other columns show dependency for the following types of energy: crude oil (red column), natural gas (purple) and solid fuels (blue). The energy dependency rate shows the proportion of energy that an economy must import. It is defined as net energy imports divided by gross inland energy consumption plus fuel supplied to international maritime bunkers, expressed as a percentage. A negative value indicates a net exporter; considering all types of energy altogether, the only case in the EU is Denmark. A positive value means dependence on imports. A value higher than 100% means that energy products have been stocked in the given year. Blank means data not available. The furthest right column (black) shows the net import value for the EU28 and the MS. In more detail, the EU28 (net) imports 923 million TOE of energy and has an overall dependency rate of 53.4%. The dependency rate for crude oil is 86.4% for the EU28; almost all MS have a value higher than 80% apart from the UK, Romania and Estonia with respectively 36.3%, 51.4% and 60%. The only net exporter of crude oil is Denmark with a value of 34.8%.


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