Having a job is no longer a shield against poverty. According to the Commission’s Portfolio of social indicators, people experiencing in-work poverty are ‘individuals who are classified as employed (distinguishing between ‘wage and salary employment plus self-employment’ and ‘wage and salary employment only’) and who are at risk of poverty’. In other words, they are workers with insufficient earnings i.e. with an income below 60% of national median income. Since 2008, the number of those suffering in-work poverty has increased steadily; it is a phenomenon now affecting 9.5% of the EU-28 working age population. The countries most affected (over 10%) are: Romania, Greece, Spain, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Estonia and Luxembourg. A study analysing the correlation between part-time work and poverty draws attention to a gender asymmetry in in-work poverty: women’s in-work poverty is associated more with poor individual working conditions, while men’s poverty risk is linked to their household situation (e.g. absence of working women in their household).