The current CAP, which was reformed in 2013, provides for inter-pillar flexibility (Article 14 of Regulation (EU) No 1307/2013). This means that Member States have been able to transfer funds between pillars, up to 15% of the original amounts. Some 18 countries have decided to use this option to strengthen support for rural development. The net transfer from Pillar I to Pillar II over the 2014-2020 period amounts to around €4 billion, thus increasing the rural development envelope to €99.6 billion.
Figure 2 illustrates Member State allocations before and after transfers and application of capping (the possibility for Member States to limit the amount of basic payments that farmers receive and transfer the amount thus saved to the rural development envelope).