More than €308.72 billion – out of the €408.31 billion of the CAP MFF for 2014-2020 – is allocated to direct payments and market measures. Within Heading 2, Sustainable growth and natural resources, the first CAP pillar accounts for €42.22 billion in 2016.
Direct payments are payments granted annually directly to farmers’ bank accounts, as income support and to provide a safety net. Market measures are included in the single Common Market Organisation (CMO), which sets out the parameters for intervening in agricultural markets and providing sector-specific support (e.g. for fruit and vegetables, wine, olive oil, school schemes).