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European Border and Coast Guard system [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Alexandra Gatto and Jesús Carmona (3rd edition),

European Border and Coast Guard system

© dechevm / Fotolia

In December 2015, the European Commission proposed setting up a European Border and Coast Guard System (EBCGS), building on the European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the EU (Frontex). The proposal would introduce a supervisory role and a ‘right to intervene’ in situations at the border requiring urgent action; expand Frontex’s operational tasks and its prerogatives on processing personal data; and reinforce fundamental rights and transparency safeguards.

Commentators and stakeholders had raised concerns on respect for fundamental rights, division of competences between the EU and Member States and the adequacy of the suggested individual complaint mechanism. The text agreed by the EP and Council expands the Agency’s prerogatives on return operations, on migration management, the fight against cross-border crimes, and search and rescue operations. Fundamental rights safeguards and the Agency’s accountability vis-à-vis the EP and Council have been strengthened. If a Member State opposes a Council decision to provide assistance, putting the Schengen area at risk, other EU countries may temporarily reintroduce internal border controls.

With the regulation signed on 14 September, the new European Border and Coast Guard was launched on 6 October 2016.


Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European Border and Coast Guard and repealing Regulation (EC) No 2007/2004, Regulation (EC) No 863/2007 and Decision 2005/267/EC
Committee responsible:


Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs

Artis Pabriks, EPP, Latvia

COM(2015) 0671 of 15.12.2015

procedure ref.: 2015/0310(COD)

Next steps expected: Regulation (EU) 2016/1624
OJ L 251, 16.9.2016, pp. 1-76

Stage: Adoption


Visit the European Parliament page on ‘EU border controls and managing migration‘.



  1. Pingback: European Border and Coast Guard system [EU Legislation in Progress] | - October 17, 2016

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