In 2013, Article 26 of the Horizon 2020 regulation stressed that Article 185 initiatives ‘shall be proposed in cases where there is a need for a dedicated implementation structure and where there is a high level of commitment of the participating countries to integration at scientific, management and financial levels’. The criteria were updated, especially regarding partners’ financial commitments. Four partnerships were renewed in 2014: EDCTP2, AAL2, EMPIR and Eurostars2. BONUS runs under FP7 funding until 2017, at which time potential renewal will be discussed. A proposal for a new ‘Partnership for Research and Innovation in the Mediterranean Area’ (PRIMA) was adopted by the European Commission in October 2016.