The European Space Agency (ESA) is an intergovernmental institution established by a convention signed in 1975. As the European research and development space agency, ESA develops and implements a common space programme defined by its 22 member states. The council of member states is the agency’s governing body. ESA’s Director General, elected by the council for four years, implements the council’s decisions. ESA remains outside the scope of the EU institutions.
Figure 2 – EU and ESA member states
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