The gender pay gap is the difference between men’s and women’s pay, expressed as a percentage of male earnings. It is based on the average difference in gross hourly earnings of all employees, intended as wages or salaries paid directly to an employee before any deductions for income tax and social security contributions are made. In the EU, data on the gender pay gap is based on the methodology of the Structure of Earnings Survey (SES).
The gender pay gap is officially defined as ” unadjusted “, because it does not take into account all of the factors that have an impact on it, such as differences in education, labour market experience, hours worked, type of job, etc.Despite consistent efforts over decades across Europe, according to recent studies today women are still paid on average 16% less than men per hour of work. The obstacles to equality for women on the labour market are in fact several: discrimination in the workplace, undervaluation of their skills, underrepresentation in politics and economics, gender stereotypes, unequal pay systems, etc. These direct and indirect discriminations are at the basis of the high level of gender inequality across the EU economy and the society in general.