Whenever the number of exporters is too big to allow individual treatment, NME exporters not sampled will be attributed a country-wide export price for the calculation of their dumping margin. Finally, for NME exporters from China, Tajikistan, and Vietnam the normal value may be calculated on the basis of domestic prices, if the exporter can prove it complies with the requirements of Article 2(7)(c); this is called market economy treatment (MET).
MET creates the lowest dumping duty, but this status has rarely been granted to Chinese exporters (see Figure 1). IT has been granted much more often and has become mandatory following the WTO EC-Fasteners case (DS397) initiated by China. The denial of MET or IT to Chinese exporters and the choice of the analogue country have been the main aspects challenged by Chinese exporters before EU courts and by China at the WTO