Following the November 2020 elections, the 117th Congress opened with 222 Democrats and 213 Republicans. In the Senate, there are 50 Republicans, 48 Democrats and two Independents, both of whom caucus with the Democrats. With the crucial vote of US Vice-President Kamala Harris, in her constitutional capacity as President of the Senate, the Democrats thus have the narrowest possible majority. Compared to the preceding 116th Congress, Republicans lost three seats in the Senate and gained 12 seats in the House at the November 2020 elections.
House and senate – History
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