Tthe impact of population growth will vary from place to place, as some regions will be able to accommodate larger populations easily. Africa’s land mass is huge, being roughly equivalent to that of the USA, the EU, China, India, Mexico and Japan – places which are home to more than three times Africa’s current population). Many countries on the continent still have relatively low, or even very low, population densities. Africa has more than half of the world’s uncultivated agricultural land. However, some places are already experiencing demographic pressures, for example areas affected by desertification and/or deforestation such as in the Sahel, or by the fragmentation of agricultural plots, such as in Rwanda and Burundi. In such places, young people will have difficulties continuing the agricultural production model of their parents, and will have either to update their cultivation methods or look for income elsewhere.