Physical education is included in all school curricula in the EU, and is compulsory in primary and secondary (see Figure 2). However, on average, less than 70 hours a year are dedicated to this subject, which is roughly a third of the time dedicated to the language of instruction and around half of that for maths. While some believe more sport will leave children with less time to achieve better marks, this does not seem to be the case. A number of researchers have found a positive link between children’s physical activity and academic achievement. Indeed, various studies indicate that increased participation in physical activity leads to enhanced learning and better grades.