Worryingly, the figures also confirm what other studies have previously shown (for example, in France and Germany), namely that the various positions in the film industry appear to be associated with one of the two genders (see Figure 3). Thus, it appears that women are over-represented in professions traditionally considered feminine – such as costume design and editing – and under-represented in others viewed as more technical, such as those dealing with sound, music and image. Although women’s participation in the main creative functions has progressed since 2012, it still represented only 29 % in all projects submitted to Eurimages in 2015. Similarly, only 27 % of eligible projects had a female director. While those projects received 29 % of the overall support granted, their average budget was 40 % lower than the budget of the projects with a male director. However, low funding perpetuates the scarcity of female-directed films in circulation, affecting in turn the markets’ willingness to invest and thus creating a vicious circle.
As in other parts of the world, female directors were paid 23 % less than their male counterparts. Finally, even though there are almost as many women (44 %) as men (56 %) directors graduating from film schools, the average proportion of female directors in the industry is just under 20 %.