EPRS Admin By / May 14, 2019

Impacts of discrimination

Impacts of discrimination

At societal level, tax revenue, overall economic performance and social cohesion are affected by these shortcomings. Based on the identified gaps and barriers, a conceptual framework for the impacts of discrimination has been defined (Figure 2 above). This latter presents four possible impact channels, which were subsequently monetised into i) lost earnings for individuals, and ii) lost GDP for society as a whole. A large proportion of the quantifiable damage is due to violence against women. The study estimates the overall social and individual cost of violence against women to be around €230 billion per year, including a direct GDP loss of some €30 billion and, the cost of increased use of the criminal and civil justice systems of €34 billion. For certain grounds (such as race and ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation and age), robust quantification of the impacts proved to be difficult to establish, due to a lack of systematic data. Nevertheless, discrimination based on these grounds exists, and qualitatively and quantitatively affects people’s daily lives.


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