The European Union is the world’s second largest producer of eggs after China, and a net exporter of eggs and egg products. It has self-sufficiency of around 105 %.
The more than 400 million laying hens in the EU produce over 7.5 million tonnes of eggs annually, three quarters of which originate from seven Member States: France, Germany, Italy, Spain, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands and Poland (see Figure 2). About 10 % of production consists of hatching eggs. EU egg production increased by about half a million tonnes between 2010 and 2018.