Italy has the highest share of cultural enterprises (see Figure 2) in the total number of cultural enterprises in the EU, followed by France, Germany, Spain and (previously) the United Kingdom. These five Member States accounted for almost 60 % of cultural enterprises in the EU in 2016. They also accounted for 79 % of added value produced by the sector (see Figure 3) in the same five Member States. In Spain and Italy, which have struggled with the consequences of the 2008 financial crisis and are currently the Member States most hard-hit by the pandemic, also figure among those with a high share of cultural enterprises in their economy.
Value-added by Member States’ cultural enterprises, as % of total EU cultural enterprises’ value added
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