Impact of Covid-19: Closure of higher education institutions

The map in figure 3 reflects the situation in universities and universities of applied sciences that provide programmes at ISCED levels 5-8 covering short cycle, bachelor, master and doctoral studies. A higher education institution is considered to be closed when students may not attend classes on campus, though in many countries, institutions switched to distance learning. In Czechia, tertiary education institutions could open just for individual consultation and exams as from 20 April. In Germany too, on 20 April, some higher education institutions could resume on-site activity, provided that they respected social distance and hygiene standards; ultimately, the Länder (federal states) are autonomous in deciding when institutions can open.