The results of the 2020 Normandy Index (Figure 2) indicate a slight increase in the Normandy Index world average from 2019 to 2020 by 0.03 on a scale of 10, suggesting that overall the threats to peace and security included in the dataset have declined slightly. By focusing on the top 10 and lowest 10 scoring countries (Figure 3), it can be seen that countries such as Afghanistan have decreased marginally in their vulnerability to the 11 threats compared to others, such as Chad, where vulnerability continues to deteriorate. Perhaps even more interesting is to focus on those countries that exhibit the biggest positive or negative movement in their position in the ranking. For example, in 2020 Nicaragua and Brazil are notable for their drop by 15 places, while the moves in the positioning of Rwanda and Cameroon in the ranking indicate positive developments (Figure 4). The examination of the individual factors that lead to these position moves (for example a stark change in a specific indicator or merely a relative lack of change compared to other countries) can be done through a meticulous deconstruction of the component indicators on the Normandy Index website and qualitatively through the production of individual country studies, such as the forty included here.
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